Hydraulic resistance of T-junction in pipe

Local Hydraulic Resistances

The T-junction block represents a T-junction (wye connection) consisting, in general, of a main run and a branch merging to the main run. The junction as a hydraulic resistance is built of three Local Resistance blocks, as shown in the following diagram.

To specify pressure loss for all possible flow directions, you have to provide six pressure loss coefficients. The flow regime is checked in the underlying Local Resistance blocks by comparing the Reynolds number to the specified critical Reynolds number value, and depending on the result, the appropriate formula for pressure loss computation is used. For more information, see the reference documentation for the Local Resistance block.

The block positive direction is from port A to port B, from port A to port A1, and from port A1 to port B.

Fluid inertia is not taken into account.

The transition between laminar and turbulent regimes is assumed to be sharp and taking place exactly at

=`Re`

.`Re`

_{cr}

**Main pipe diameter**The internal pipe diameter of the main run. The default value is

`0.01`

m.**Branch pipe diameter**The internal pipe diameter of the branch. The default value is

`0.01`

m.**A-B pressure loss coefficient**The pressure loss coefficient between ports A and B when fluid flows in the direction from A to B. The default value is

`1.12`

.**B-A pressure loss coefficient**The pressure loss coefficient between ports A and B when fluid flows in the direction from B to A. The default value is

`1.12`

.**A-A1 pressure loss coefficient**The pressure loss coefficient between ports A and A1 when fluid flows in the direction from A to A1. The default value is

`1.36`

.**A1-A pressure loss coefficient**The pressure loss coefficient between ports A and A1 when fluid flows in the direction from A1 to A. The default value is

`1.65`

.**A1-B pressure loss coefficient**The pressure loss coefficient between ports A1 and B when fluid flows in the direction from A1 to B. The default value is

`1.6`

.**B-A1 pressure loss coefficient**The pressure loss coefficient between ports A1 and B when fluid flows in the direction from B to A1. The default value is

`1.8`

.**Critical Reynolds number**The maximum Reynolds number for laminar flow. The transition from laminar to turbulent regime is assumed to take place when the Reynolds number reaches this value. The value of the parameter depends on the geometrical profile. You can find recommendations on the parameter value in hydraulics textbooks. The default value is

`120`

.

Parameters determined by the type of working fluid:

**Fluid density****Fluid kinematic viscosity**

Use the Hydraulic Fluid block or the Custom Hydraulic Fluid block to specify the fluid properties.

The block has the following ports:

`A`

Hydraulic conserving port associated with the main run inlet.

`B`

Hydraulic conserving port associated with the main run outlet.

`A1`

Hydraulic conserving port associated with the branch inlet.

Elbow | Gradual Area Change | Local Resistance | Pipe Bend | Sudden Area Change

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