When designing a system, you simulate a model repeatedly to analyze the behavior of a system for different inputs, boundary conditions, or operating conditions. In many applications, a startup phase with significant dynamic behavior is common to multiple simulations. For example, the cold start takeoff of a gas turbine engine occurs before each set of aircraft maneuvers. Ideally, you:
Simulate the startup phase once.
Save the simulation state at the end of the start-up phase.
Use this state as the initial state for each set of conditions or maneuvers.
In this type of situation, use SimState to save the
state of a simulation. For future simulations, you can restore the
use it to set initial conditions for simulations going forward.
SimState includes both the logged and internal
states of every block (e.g., continuous states, discrete states, work
vectors, zero-crossing states) and the internal state of the Simulink® engine
(e.g., the data of the ODE solver).
Note: You can also use the Final states option in the Configuration Parameters Data Import/Export pane to save a simulation state. However, this option saves only logged states—the continuous and discrete states of blocks. These states are only subsets of the complete simulation state of the model. They do not include information about hidden states of certain blocks — information that is not included in logged states but is still required for the proper execution of the block. Hence you cannot use Final states to save and restore the complete simulation state as the initial state of a new simulation.
SimState contains information about:
State of the solver and execution engine
Zero-crossing signals for blocks that register zero crossings
Output values of certain blocks in the model
Simulink analyzes block connections and other information to determine whether it is using the output values effectively as state information.
SimState also stores the hidden
states of these blocks:
Variable Transport Delay
For Each subsystem
Conditionally executed subsystems
SimMechanics™ Second Generation
By storing this information,
that the result of a simulation that starts from SimState is the same
as a simulation that runs from the beginning.
SimState saves the state of
a simulation, it saves information in addition to the logged states
in the model. You need to restore all of this information to ensure
that the simulation matches the uninterrupted simulation. For example,
if solver information affected the simulation, then changing the state
of a block without using
SimState can produce different
You can save several SimStates during a simulation. You can then resume a simulation from any of those states.
SimState can help to restore the
state of blocks such as the Transport Delay block,
which is typically difficult to restore to a particular state. The
state of the Transport Delay block is not saved in
the structure format or the array format when you log data using the Final
states configuration parameter without using Simstate.
The blocks with hidden states are particularly difficult to restore,
and SimState enables you to do so.
You can save a
At the final Stop time
When you interrupt a simulation with the Pause or Stop button
When you use
get_param or a block,
like the Stop block, to stop a simulation
SimState at the beginning of the final
step using one of these options.
In the Configuration Parameters dialog box, in the Data Import/Export pane, select the Final states check box. The Save complete SimState in final state check box becomes available.
Select the Save complete SimState in final state check box.
In the Final states text
box, enter a variable name for the
Simulate the model.
sim command with
SaveCompleteFinalSimState parameter to
set_param(mdl,'SaveFinalState,'on','FinalStateName,... [mdl 'SimState'],'SaveCompleteFinalSimState','on') simOut = sim(mdl,'StopTime',tstop) set_param(mdl,'SaveFinalState','off')
The Start time does not change from
the value in the simulation that generated SimState. It is a reference
value for all time and time-dependent variables in both the original
and the current simulation. For example, a block can save and restore
the number of sample time hits that occurred since the beginning of
simulation as its
Consider a model that you ran from 0–100 s and that you now want to run from 100–200 s. The Start time is 0 s for both the original simulation (0–100 s) and for the current simulation (100–200 s). The initial time of the current simulation is 100 s. Also, if the block had 10 sample time hits during the original simulation, Simulink recognizes that the next sample time hit is the 11th, relative to 0, not 100 s.
If you change Start time before restoring
SimState using one of these options.
In the Configuration Parameters dialog box, in the Data Import/Export pane, under Load from workspace, select the Initial state check box. The text box becomes available.
Enter the name of the variable containing the
the text box.
Set Stop time to a value greater than the time at which the SimState was saved.
set_param to specify the initial condition
set_param(mdl,'LoadInitialState','on','InitialState',... [mdl 'xFinal']); simOut = sim(mdl,'StopTime',tstop)
You can use
SimState objects saved in releases
starting with R2010a to restore the
a model. However, this option restores only the logged states of the
model. To see the version of Simulink used to save the
examine the version parameter of the
Simulink detects if the
you provided as the initial state was saved in the current release.
By default, Simulink displays an error message if the
not saved in the current release. You can configure the diagnostic
to allow Simulink to display the message as a warning and try
to restore as many of the values as possible.
To enable this best-effort restoration, in the Configuration
Parameters dialog box, in the Diagnostics pane,
set the message for SimState object from earlier release to
loggedStates to get or set
the states of blocks. If
xout is the state log
that Simulink exports to the workspace, then the
has the same structure as
You cannot change the states that are not logged. Simulink does not allow this modification as it could cause the state to be inconsistent with the simulation.
You can use APIs for C and Level-2 MATLAB® S-functions to
enable S-functions to work with
SimState. For information
on how to implement these APIs within S-functions, see S-Function Compliance with the SimState.
S-functions that have P-work vectors but do not declare their
level or declare it to be unknown or disallowed do not support
For more information, see S-Function Compliance with the SimState.
You cannot make any structural changes to the model
between the time you save the
SimState and the
time you restore the simulation using the
For example, you cannot add or remove a block after saving the
repeating the simulation and saving the new
SimState interface checksum
is primarily based on the configuration settings in a model. You can
make some nonstructural changes to the model between saving and restoring
SimState. In the Configuration Parameters dialog
box, in the Diagnostics pane, use the SimState
interface checksum mismatch diagnostic to track such changes.
You can then find out if the interface checksum of the restored
the current interface checksum.
Mismatches can occur when you try to simulate using a solver
that is different from the one that generated the saved
SimState. Simulink permits
solver changes. For example, you can use the
to solve the initial stiff portion of a simulation and save the final
You can then continue the simulation with the restored
In other words, this diagnostic helps you see the solver changes but
does not signal a problem with the simulation.
When you use a variable-step solver with the maximum
step size set to
auto, Simulink uses the maximum
step size from the restored
SimState for the new
simulation. To ensure that the concatenated
of two simulations matches that of an uninterrupted simulation, specify
a value for the maximum step size.
In some cases, saving partial state information avoids some
of the limitations of using
The following blocks do not support
In the Stack and Queue blocks,
the default setting for the Push full stack option
is Dynamic reallocation. This default setting
does not support
SimState. Other settings (Ignore, Warning and Error)
SimMechanics First Generation blocks
Simulink tries to save the output of a block as part of
SimState. For S-functions, this happens even
if the functions declare that no
SimState is required.
If the block output is of custom type, Simulink cannot save the
displays an error. For more information about SimState use with S-functions,
Model reference offers partial support for
For details, see Model Referencing.
You can save
SimState only at the
final stop time or at the execution time at which you pause or stop
You can use only the Normal or the Accelerator simulation mode.
You cannot save
SimState in Normal
mode and restore it in Accelerator mode, or vice versa.
You cannot change the states of certain blocks that are not logged. For more information, see Change the States of a Block Within SimState.
SimState feature does not support Simulink Coder™ or Embedded Coder® code
You cannot modify logged states of blocks that are inside a referenced model in Accelerator mode.
The following blocks do not support SimState when included in a model referenced in Accelerator mode:
Level 2 MATLAB S-Function
n-D Lookup Table
S-Function (with custom
For additional information, see State Information for Referenced Models.
You cannot input the
SimState to the