vision.LocalMaximaFinder System object

Package: vision

Find local maxima in matrices

Description

The `LocalMaximaFinder` object finds local maxima in matrices.

After constructing the object and optionally setting properties, use the `step` method to find the coordinates of the local maxima in the input image. Use the `step` syntax below with input matrix, `I`, `LocalMaximaFinder` object, `H`, and any optional properties.

 `IDX = step(H,I)` returns [x y] coordinates of the local maxima in an M-by-2 matrix, `IDX`. M represents the number of local maximas found. The maximum value of M may not exceed the value set in the `MaximumNumLocalMaxima` property.
 `[...] = step(H,I,THRESH)` finds the local maxima in input image `I`, using the threshold value `THRESH`, when you set the `ThresholdSource` property to ```Input port```.

Construction

`H = vision.LocalMaximaFinder` returns a local maxima finder System object, `H`, that finds local maxima in input matrices.

`H = vision.LocalMaximaFinder(Name,Value)` returns a local maxima finder object, `H`, with each specified property set to the specified value. You can specify additional name-value pair arguments in any order as (`Name1`, `Value1`,...,`NameN`,`ValueN`).

`H = vision.LocalMaximaFinder(MAXNUM,NEIGHBORSIZE,Name,Value)` returns a local maxima finder object, `H`, with the `MaximumNumLocalMaxima` property set to `MAXNUM`, `NeighborhoodSize` property set to `NEIGHBORSIZE`, and other specified properties set to the specified values.

Code Generation Support
Supports MATLAB® Function block: Yes
System Objects in MATLAB Code Generation.
Code Generation Support, Usage Notes, and Limitations.

Properties

 `MaximumNumLocalMaxima` Maximum number of maxima to find Specify the maximum number of maxima to find as a positive scalar integer value. The default is `2`. `NeighborhoodSize` Neighborhood size for zero-ing out values Specify the size of the neighborhood around the maxima, over which the System object zeros out values, as a 2-element vector of positive odd integers. The default is `[5 7]`. `ThresholdSource` Source of threshold Specify how to enter the threshold value as `Property`, or ```Input port```. The default is `Property`. `Threshold` Value that all maxima should match or exceed Specify the threshold value as a scalar of MATLAB built-in numeric data type. This property applies when you set the `ThresholdSource` property to `Property`. The default is `10`. This property is tunable. `HoughMatrixInput` Indicator of Hough Transform matrix input Set this property to `true` if the input is antisymmetric about the rho axis and the theta value ranges from $-\frac{\pi }{2}$ to $\frac{\pi }{2}$ radians, which correspond to a Hough matrix. When you set this property to `true`, the object assumes a Hough matrix input . The block applies additional processing, specific to Hough transform on the right and left boundaries of the input matrix. The default is `false`. `IndexDataType` Data type of index values Specify the data type of index values as `double`, `single` , `uint8`, `uint16`, or `uint32`. The default is `uint32`.

Methods

 clone Create local maxima finder object with same property values getNumInputs Number of expected inputs to step method getNumOutputs Number of outputs from step method isLocked Locked status for input attributes and nontunable properties release Allow property value and input characteristics changes step Find local maxima in input image

Examples

Find a local maxima in an input.

``` I = [0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0; ... 0 0 0 1 1 2 3 2 1 1 0 0; ... 0 0 0 1 2 3 4 3 2 1 0 0; ... 0 0 0 1 3 5 7 5 3 1 0 0; ... % local max at x=7, y=4 0 0 0 1 2 3 4 3 2 1 0 0; ... 0 0 0 1 1 2 3 2 1 1 0 0; ... 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0]; hLocalMax = vision.LocalMaximaFinder; hLocalMax.MaximumNumLocalMaxima = 1; hLocalMax.NeighborhoodSize = [3 3]; hLocalMax.Threshold = 1; location = step(hLocalMax, I) ```

Algorithms

This object implements the algorithm, inputs, and outputs described on the Find Local Maxima block reference page. The object properties correspond to the block parameters.