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iircomb

IIR comb notch or peak filter

Description

[num,den] = iircomb(n,bw) returns a digital notching filter with order n and with the width of the filter notch at -3 dB set to bw, the filter bandwidth.

For the notching filter, the transfer function takes the form:

H(z)=b1zn1αzn

where α and b are positive scalars and n is the filter order or the number of notches in the filter minus 1.

[num,den] = iircomb(n,bw,ab) returns a digital notching filter whose bandwidth, bw, is specified at a level of –ab decibels.

[num,den] = iircomb(___,type) returns either a digital notch filter or a digital peaking filter as specified by type.

The transfer function for peaking filters is:

H(z)=b1zn1+azn

Examples

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Design and plot an IIR notch filter with 11 notches (equal to filter order plus 1) that removes a 60 Hz tone (f0) from a signal at 600 Hz(fs). For this example, set the Q factor for the filter to 35 and use it to specify the filter bandwidth.

fs = 600;
fo = 60;
q = 35;
bw = (fo/(fs/2))/q;
[b,a] = iircomb(fs/fo,bw,'notch'); % Note type flag 'notch'

Use the Filter Visualization Tool (fvtool) to generate the plot showing the filter notches.

fvtool(b,a);

Note that the notches are evenly spaced and one falls at exactly 60 Hz.

Input Arguments

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Order of the digital filter, specified as a positive integer. n also defines the number of notches (or peaks) in the filter across the frequency range 0 to 2π. The number of notches (or peaks) equals n+1.

Data Types: single | double

Bandwidth of the filter at a level of –ab decibels, specified as a positive scalar in the range (0,1).

The quality factor (Q factor) q for the filter is related to the filter bandwidth by q = ω0/bw where ω0 is the frequency to remove from the signal.

Data Types: single | double

Magnitude response at the filter bandwidth bw, specified as a scalar in dB. You can include the optional input argument ab to specify the magnitude response at a level other than the default -3 dB, for example, -6 dB or 0 dB. If you do not include the argument ab, the function sets the magnitude response at the default -3 dB level.

Data Types: single | double

Type of the digital filter, specified as either:

  • 'notch' — Design an IIR notch filter. Notch filters attenuate the response at the specified frequencies. This is the default type. When you omit the type input argument, iircomb function returns a notch filter.

  • 'peak' — Design an IIR peaking filter. Peaking filters boost the signal at the specified frequencies.

Output Arguments

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Numerator coefficients of the IIR filter transfer function, returned as a real-valued row vector. For an nth-order filter, the number of elements in the row vector is n+1.

Data Types: single | double

Denominator coefficients of the IIR filter transfer function, returned as a real-valued row vector. For an nth-order filter, the number of elements in the row vector is n+1.

Data Types: single | double

References

[1] Orfanidis, S.J., Introduction to Signal Processing, Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, 1996.

Extended Capabilities

Introduced in R2011a