Implement vector controller model for a wound-field synchronous machine (WFSM)
Simscape / Electrical / Specialized Power Systems / Electric Drives / Fundamental Drive Blocks
The WFSM vector controller offers fast transient response and DC-machine-like performance to a WFSM drive as the stator flux and developed torque are independently controlled.
The WFSM vector controller model has two operating modes, detailed and average, for a detailed or average-value inverter, respectively.
In detailed mode, the Vector Controller (WFSM) block contains five main blocks.
The Flux estimator block estimates the motor stator flux Ψdqss.
The Flux PI controller regulates the flux in the machine.
The dq-abc block performs the conversion of the dq current components into abc-phase variables.
The current regulator is a bang-bang current controller with adjustable hysteresis bandwidth.
The magnetization control unit contains the logic used to switch between the magnetization and normal operation mode.
In average mode, the high-frequency switching actions of the power switches are not represented.
Average mode is similar to detailed mode except that the pulses generated by the current regulator are three-level signals (-1, 0, 1). These signals indicate whether the average-value inverter applies a negative, zero, or positive DC bus voltage (Vdc) to the machine during inverter saturation. In detailed mode, the Vector Controller (WFSM) block outputs the actual pulses for the inverter switches.
Specify the model detail level to use:
The time step used for the simulation, in seconds. The default
The flux controller proportional gain. The default value is
The flux controller integral gain. The default value is
The flux estimation first-order filter cutoff frequency, in
hertz. The default value is
The minimum and maximum voltage applied to the motor excitation
field, in volts. The default value is
The field magnetization high- voltage application time, in seconds.
The default value is
The field magnetization voltage applied to establish the stator
flux, in volts. The default value is
The total time before the drive is ready to produce a torque,
in seconds. The default value is
The field nominal voltage, in volts. The default value is
The current regulator hysteresis bandwidth, in amperes. This value is the total hysteresis bandwidth distributed symmetrically around the current set point. The figure shows a case where the current set point is Is* and the current regulator hysteresis bandwidth is set to dx.
The default value is
The vector-controller sampling time, in seconds. The sampling
time must be a multiple of the simulation time step. The default value
The stator phase resistance Rs, in ohms, of the motor. The default
The number of pole pairs. The default value is
The three line currents of the WFSM.
The three-phase voltage of the WFSM.
The torque reference, typically provided by a speed controller.
The flux reference, typically provided by a speed controller.
The pulses for the six inverter switches. This output is visible
only when the Model detail level parameter is
Field voltage for the WFSM.
This binary signal indicates if the machine is magnetized (1) enough to be started or not (0).
A vector containing measurement signals:
Iabc — The three line currents.
iabc* — The three reference
pulses* — Two three-level
signals (-1, 0, 1) indicating whether the average-value inverter applies
a negative, zero, or positive DC bus voltage (Vdc) to the machine.
Mag_c — Binary signal that
indicates if the machine is magnetized enough to be started (1) or
This output is visible only when the Model detail
level parameter is set to
The Vector Controller (WFSM) block is used in the AC5 block of the Electric Drives library.
 Bose, B. K. Modern Power Electronics and AC Drives, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 2002.
Bridge Firing Unit (AC) | Bridge Firing Unit (DC) | Current Controller (Brushless DC) | Current Controller (DC) | Direct Torque Controller | Field-Oriented Controller | Regulation Switch | Six-Step Generator | Space Vector Modulator | Speed Controller (AC) | Speed Controller (DC) | Speed Controller (Scalar Control) | Vector Controller (PMSM) | Voltage Controller (DC Bus)