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4D Table Interpolation

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Fawad Farooq Ashraf
Fawad Farooq Ashraf on 5 Feb 2023
Commented: Voss on 5 Feb 2023
I have a data set in four variables (alpha,beta,gamma,lambda).
Here alpha is a 10 element vector, beta is a 8 element vector, both gamma and lambda have four values each.
The data is given such that for each value of lambda, there are 4 tables, and those 4 tables correspond to each value of gamma. Each of those four tables is a 8x10 matrix whose rows correspond to values of beta and columns correspond to values of alpha.
I tried to implement it this way (sample code using random values):
alpha = 1:10;
beta = 1:8;
gamma = 1:4;
lambda = 1:4;
m = length(beta);
n = length(alpha);
Data(:,:,1,1) = rand(m,n); % alpha in first dimension, beta is 2nd dimension, gamma in 3rd and lambda in 4th
Data(:,:,2,1) = rand(m,n);
Data(:,:,3,1) = rand(m,n);
Data(:,:,4,1) = rand(m,n);
Data(:,:,1,2) = rand(m,n);
Data(:,:,2,2) = rand(m,n);
Data(:,:,3,2) = rand(m,n);
Data(:,:,4,2) = rand(m,n);
Data(:,:,1,3) = rand(m,n);
Data(:,:,2,3) = rand(m,n);
Data(:,:,3,3) = rand(m,n);
Data(:,:,4,3) = rand(m,n);
Data(:,:,1,4) = rand(m,n);
Data(:,:,2,4) = rand(m,n);
Data(:,:,3,4) = rand(m,n);
Data(:,:,4,4) = rand(m,n);
idat = interpn(alpha,beta,gamma,lambda,Data,1,2,3,4);
Error using griddedInterpolant
Sample points vector corresponding to grid dimension 1 must contain 8 elements.

Error in interpn (line 149)
F = griddedInterpolant(X, V, method,extrap);
This code gives me errors. How can I resolve it? Do I need to create an n-dimensional grid? or am I making some mistake in the making of 4D tables.

Accepted Answer

Voss
Voss on 5 Feb 2023
Edited: Voss on 5 Feb 2023
Swap your definitions of m and n (or equivalently use rand(n,m)). Like you said, alpha is 1st dimension, beta is 2nd.
alpha = 1:10;
beta = 1:8;
gamma = 1:4;
lambda = 1:4;
m = length(alpha);
n = length(beta);
Data(:,:,1,1) = rand(m,n); % alpha in first dimension, beta is 2nd dimension, gamma in 3rd and lambda in 4th
Data(:,:,2,1) = rand(m,n);
Data(:,:,3,1) = rand(m,n);
Data(:,:,4,1) = rand(m,n);
Data(:,:,1,2) = rand(m,n);
Data(:,:,2,2) = rand(m,n);
Data(:,:,3,2) = rand(m,n);
Data(:,:,4,2) = rand(m,n);
Data(:,:,1,3) = rand(m,n);
Data(:,:,2,3) = rand(m,n);
Data(:,:,3,3) = rand(m,n);
Data(:,:,4,3) = rand(m,n);
Data(:,:,1,4) = rand(m,n);
Data(:,:,2,4) = rand(m,n);
Data(:,:,3,4) = rand(m,n);
Data(:,:,4,4) = rand(m,n);
idat = interpn(alpha,beta,gamma,lambda,Data,1,2,3,4);
disp(idat)
0.7127
Edit to show that the interpolated value matches the input table:
Data(1,2,3,4)
ans = 0.7127
  7 Comments
Fawad Farooq Ashraf
Fawad Farooq Ashraf on 5 Feb 2023
Yes, you're actually right. Thank you for your help.
Voss
Voss on 5 Feb 2023
You're welcome.

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