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Generate uniform pseudo-random integers from linear range.

version (1.47 KB) by DS
RAND_INT(R,N) returns an n-by-n matrix containing pseudo-random integer values from range R.


Updated 27 Jan 2014

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Function that uses RAND to generate random integers in the specified linear range, as follows:

result = floor(a + (b-a+1).* rand(N)),
where specified range is [a b]

Please note: There are lots of ways to do this and lots of interesting submissions on FEX which provide similar results (see below).

random numbers:

#18443 - Random Integer Generator
#5346 - MYRANDINT -- Random Integer Generation
#27942 - WWW.RANDOM.ORG random integers/sequences/strings
#27809 - Unique Random Integer List
#13007 - Random Number Generator
#21353 - True Random Integer Generator (

random arrangement:

#30189 - RANDPERMFULL (derangement)
#17981 - RANDBLOCK
#27076 - Shuffle

Cite As

DS (2020). Generate uniform pseudo-random integers from linear range. (, MATLAB Central File Exchange. Retrieved .

Comments and Ratings (3)

Travis B

"range must be integers" --> "range bounds must be integers"
"range is integers" --> "range bounds are integers"

Travis B


if (numel(R)~=2),
error('Specified range must be a matrix with 2 elements.');

if (~prod(1*(R==floor(R)))),
error('Specified range must be integers.');

Updated first error msg to match modified numel check. Second error check confirms the range is integers (It's not immediately obvious, but non-integer range bounds can result in integers outside the bounds, which may not be what the user expects.) (I don't like the 1* in prod, but prod can't handle logical (in my older version anyway) and that converts logical to double which prod can handle.)


A very well documented and nicely written function. Useful and usable, vectorized and check of inputs.
A suggestion: The check of the size of R crashs, if R has more than 2 dimensions: "if (size(R)==[1 1])". "if numel(R)==1" is saver and faster. Afterwards rejecting "numel(R)~=2" is sufficient and accepts a [2x1] column vector also.


Modified code included as detailed in previous update.

Added a check for imaginary and non-integer range specifications. Thanks to Travis B for pointing out this edge-case behavior.

Fixed help format to accommodate LOOKFOR queries.

Thanks to Jan Simon for suggesting the use of numel instead of abusing the size function (see comments).

MATLAB Release Compatibility
Created with R2007b
Compatible with any release
Platform Compatibility
Windows macOS Linux