Direction Cosine Matrix to Rotation Angles

Convert direction cosine matrix to rotation angles

  • Library:
  • Aerospace Blockset / Utilities / Axes Transformations

Description

The Direction Cosine Matrix to Rotation Angles block converts the first, second, and third rotation angles of a 3-by-3 direction cosine matrix (DCM) into the rotation angles R1, R2, and R3, respectively. The DCM matrix performs the coordinate transformation of a vector in inertial axes into a vector in body axes. The block Rotation Order parameter specifies the order of the block output rotations. For example, if Rotation Order has a value of ZYX, the block outputs are in the rotation order z-y-x (psi theta phi).

Ports

Input

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Direction cosine matrix from which to determine the rotation angles, specified as a 3-by-3 matrix.

Data Types: double

Output

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Rotation angles, returned as a 3-by-1 vector, in radians.

Data Types: double

Parameters

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Rotation order for three wind rotation angles.

For the ZYX, ZXY, YXZ, YZX, XYZ, and XZY rotations, the block generates an R2 angle that lies between ±pi/2 radians, and R1 and R3 angles that lie between ±pi radians.

For the 'ZYZ', 'ZXZ', 'YXY', 'YZY', 'XYX', and 'XZX' rotations, the block generates an R2 angle that lies between 0 and pi radians, and R1 and R3 angles that lie between ±pi radians. However, in the latter case, R3 is set to 0 radians.

Programmatic Use

Block Parameter: rotationOrder
Type: character vector
Values: 'ZYX' | 'ZYZ' |'ZXY' | 'ZXZ' | 'YXZ' | 'YXY' | 'YZX' | 'YZY' | 'XYZ' | 'XYX' | 'XZY' | 'XZX'
Default: 'ZYX'

Block behavior when the direction cosine matrix is invalid (not orthogonal).

  • Warning — Displays warning indicating that the direction cosine matrix is invalid.

  • Error — Displays error indicating that the direction cosine matrix is invalid.

  • None — Does not display warning or error (default).

Programmatic Use

Block Parameter: action
Type: character vector
Values: 'None' | 'Warning' | 'Error'
Default: 'None'

Data Types: char | string

Tolerance of the direction cosine matrix validity, specified as a scalar. The block considers the direction cosine matrix valid if these conditions are true:

  • The transpose of the direction cosine matrix times itself equals 1 within the specified tolerance (transpose(n)*n == 1±tolerance).

  • The determinant of the direction cosine matrix equals 1 within the specified tolerance (det(n) == 1±tolerance).

Programmatic Use

Block Parameter: tolerance
Type: character vector
Values: 'eps(2)' | scalar
Default: 'eps(2)'

Data Types: double

Extended Capabilities

C/C++ Code Generation
Generate C and C++ code using Simulink® Coder™.

Introduced in R2007b