For conditional variance models, the innovation process is where zt follows a standardized Gaussian or Student’s t distribution with degrees of freedom. Specify your distribution choice in the model property
The innovation variance, can follow a GARCH, EGARCH, or GJR conditional variance process.
If the model includes a mean offset term, then
estimate function for
gjr models estimates parameters using maximum likelihood estimation.
estimate returns fitted values for any parameters in the input model equal to
estimate honors any equality constraints in the input model, and does not return estimates for parameters with equality constraints.
Given the history of a process, innovations are conditionally independent. Let Ht denote the history of a process available at time t, t = 1,...,N. The likelihood function for the innovation series is given by
where f is a standardized Gaussian or t density function.
The exact form of the loglikelihood objective function depends on the parametric form of the innovation distribution.
If zt has a standard Gaussian distribution, then the loglikelihood function is
If zt has a standardized Student’s t distribution with degrees of freedom, then the loglikelihood function is
estimate performs covariance matrix estimation for
maximum likelihood estimates using the outer product of gradients
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 Bollerslev, Tim. “A Conditionally Heteroskedastic Time Series Model for Speculative Prices and Rates of Return.” The Review of Economics and Statistics 69 (August 1987): 542–47. https://doi.org/10.2307/1925546.
 Engle, Robert. F. “Autoregressive Conditional Heteroscedasticity with Estimates of the Variance of United Kingdom Inflation.” Econometrica 50 (July 1982): 987–1007. https://doi.org/10.2307/1912773.
 Glosten, L. R., R. Jagannathan, and D. E. Runkle. “On the Relation between the Expected Value and the Volatility of the Nominal Excess Return on Stocks.” The Journal of Finance. Vol. 48, No. 5, 1993, pp. 1779–1801.
 Hamilton, James D. Time Series Analysis. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1994.