# ADC Testbench

Measures DC and AC performance metrics of ADC output

**Library:**Mixed-Signal Blockset / ADC / Measurements & Testbenches

## Description

The ADC Testbench block measures both DC and AC performance metrics. DC performance metrics include offset error and gain error. AC performance metrics include signal to noise ratio (SNR), signal to noise and distortion radio (SINAD), spurious free dynamic range (SFDR), effective number of bits (ENOB), noise floor, and conversion delay.

The ADC Testbench block generates the stimulus to drive the device under
test (DUT) from the **Stimulus** tab. The setup parameters for validating the
DUT are defined in the **Setup** tab and the target validation metrics are
defined in the **Target Metric** tab.

You can use the ADC Testbench block to validate the ADC architectural models provided in Mixed-Signal Blockset™, or you can validate an ADC of your own implementation.

## Ports

### Input

`from adc digital`

— Digital signal from ADC output

scalar

Digital input signal from the ADC output, specified as a scalar.

**Data Types: **`fixed point`

| `single`

| `double`

| `int8`

| `int16`

| `int32`

| `uint8`

| `uint16`

| `uint32`

| `Boolean`

`from adc ready`

— Conversion ready signal from ADC output

scalar

Conversion ready signal from the ADC output, specified as a scalar. This signal indicates when the ADC conversion process is complete.

**Data Types: **`double`

### Output

`to adc analog`

— Analog stimulus signal for ADC input

scalar

Analog output stimulus signal for the ADC input, returned as a scalar.

**Data Types: **`double`

`to adc start`

— External start conversion clock for ADC

scalar

External start conversion clock for ADC, returned as a scalar. The rising edge of this signal starts the conversion process in ADC block.

**Data Types: **`double`

## Parameters

`Measurement`

— Select whether to measure DC or AC performance metrics

`DC`

(default) | `AC`

Select whether to measure static (DC) or dynamic (AC) performance metrics.

Select

`DC`

to measure offset error and gain error.Select

`AC`

to measure SNR, SINAD, SFDR, ENOB, noise floor, and conversion delay.

`Recommended min. simulation stop time (s)`

— Minimum time simulation must run for meaningful result

`2.048e-02`

(default) | positive real scalar

Minimum time for which the simulation must run to obtain meaningful results, specified as a positive real scalar in seconds.

To measure DC performance, the simulation must run so that ADC can sample each digital code 10 times, assuming a ramp input that traverses the full scale range of the ADC over the period of simulation. Based on this assumption and considering that the maximum allowed error tolerance is 0.1, the analog input frequency (

*f*_{analog}), generated by the ADC Testbench block for the sawtooth waveform is set as:$${f}_{\text{analog}}=\frac{StartFreq\xb7\mathrm{min}(ErrorTolerance,0.1)}{{2}^{(Nbits+1)}}$$

where

*StartFreq*is the frequency of the conversion start clock and*Nbits*is the resolution of the ADC.So, the

**Recommended min. simulation stop time (s)***T*is calculated by using the formula: $$T=\frac{1}{{f}_{\text{analog}}}+HoldOffTime$$.To measure AC performance, the simulation must run so that the ADC can generate 6 spectral updates of the ADC output. The time to generate one spectral output based on Welch's method [1] is given by:

$$t=\frac{1.5\xb7SamplingFrequency}{RBW}$$

where

*SamplingFrequency*and*RBW*are the sampling frequency and resolution bandwidth of the spectrum estimator inside the ADC Testbench block.

This parameter is only reported by the testbench and is not editable.

**Data Types: **`double`

`Set as model stop time`

— Automatically set recommended min. simulation stop time as model stop time

button

Click to automatically set the **Recommended min. simulation stop time
(s)** as the stop time of the Simulink^{®} model.

`Endpoint`

— Measure DNL, INL using endpoint method

on (default) | off

Measure the differential nonlinearity (DNL) error and integral nonlinearity (INL) error using the endpoint method. This method uses the end points of the actual transfer function to measure the DNL and INL error.

`Best fit`

— Measure DNL, INL using best fit method

on (default) | off

Measure the differential nonlinearity (DNL) error and integral nonlinearity (INL) error using the best fit method. This method uses a standard curve fitting technique to find the best fit to measure the DNL and INL error.

`Plot DC analysis result`

— Plot DC analysis results

button

Click to plot DC analysis result for further analysis. To perform a complete DC analysis including integral nonlinearity (INL) and differential nonlinearity (DNL), use the ADC DC Measurement block.

#### Dependencies

This parameter is only available when **Measurement** option is
set to `DC`

.

`Export measurement result`

— Store detailed test results to base workspace

button

Click to store detailed test results to a spreadsheet (XLS file) or as comma-separated values (CSV file) for further processing.

### Stimulus

`Distortion measurement type`

— Type of distortion to measure

`Harmonic`

(default) | `Intermodulation`

Type of distortion the ADC Testbench block is set to measure,
specified as `Harmonic`

or
`Intermodulation`

.

#### Dependencies

To enable this parameter, set **Measurement** option as
`AC`

.

#### Programmatic Use

Block parameter:
`DistortionMeasurement` |

Type: character vector |

Values:
`Harmonic` |
`Intermodulation` |

Default:
`Harmonic` |

`Analog stimulus frequency (Hz)`

— Frequency of the analog input signal to ADC

positive real scalar | positive real valued vector

Frequency of the analog input signal to an ADC block, specified as
a positive real scalar in hertz. **Analog stimulus frequency** must
match the input frequency to the ADC device under test. By default,
this parameter is calculated automatically. You can deselect **Set
automatically** to customize the value.

When the ADC Testbench is set to measure the

`Harmonic`

distortion, the default value of**Analog stimulus frequency**is`976.563`

.When the ADC Testbench is set to measure the

`Intermodulation`

distortion, the default value of**Analog stimulus frequency**is`[878.907,1074.22]`

.

**Analog stimulus frequency** needs to satisfy two
requirements:

All the output codes of the ADC must be activated.

The

**Analog stimulus frequency**must not share any common multiples other than 1 with the**Start conversion frequency**.

To satisfy both the conditions, use the equation $${f}_{\text{analog}}=\frac{J}{M}{f}_{\text{start}}$$ [2],

where:

*f*_{analog} is the analog signal
frequency,

*f*_{start} is the start conversion
frequency,

$$M>{2}^{Nbits}\xb7\pi $$, where *Nbits* is the number of bits of the
ADC,

and *J* is an integer with no common factors with
*M*.

#### Dependencies

To enable this parameter, set **Measurement** option as
`AC`

.

#### Programmatic Use

Block parameter:
`InputFrequency` |

Type: character vector |

Values: positive real scalar | positive
real valued vector |

Default:
`976.563` |

`Resolution bandwidth (Hz)`

— Resolution bandwidth

positive real scalar

Resolution bandwidth, specified as a positive real scalar in hertz. This parameter
defines the smallest positive frequency that can be resolved. By default, this
parameter is calculated automatically. You can deselect **Set
automatically** to customize the value.

When the ADC AC Measurement is set to measure the

`Harmonic`

distortion, the default value of**Resolution bandwidth (Hz)**is`97.6563`

.When the ADC AC Measurement is set to measure the

`Intermodulation`

distortion, the default value of**Resolution bandwidth (Hz)**is`87.8907`

.

#### Dependencies

To enable this parameter, set **Measurement** option as
`AC`

.

#### Programmatic Use

Block parameter:
`RBW` |

Type: character vector |

Values: positive real scalar |

Default:
`97.6563` |

`Start conversion frequency (Hz)`

— Frequency of the start conversion clock of the ADC

`1e6`

(default) | positive real scalar

Frequency of the start conversion clock of the ADC, specified as a positive real
scalar in Hz. **Start conversion frequency (Hz)** must match the
frequency of the start conversion clock of the ADC block.

#### Programmatic Use

Block parameter:
`StartFreq` |

Type: character vector |

Values: positive real scalar |

Default:
`1e6` |

**Data Types: **`double`

`RMS aperture jitter (s)`

— RMS aperture jitter to be added by the start conversion clock

`40e-12`

(default) | positive real scalar

RMS aperture jitter to be added by the start conversion clock, specified as a positive real scalar in seconds.

#### Programmatic Use

Block parameter:
`RMSJitt` |

Type: character vector |

Values: positive real scalar |

Default:
`40e-12` |

**Data Types: **`double`

`Error tolerance (LSB)`

— Maximum difference between successive samples of analog signal

`0.1`

(default) | positive scalar in the range (`0, 1`

]

Maximum allowed difference in the amplitude of the successive samples of the analog input signal, specified as positive real scalar in least significant bit (LSB).

#### Dependencies

To enable this parameter, set **Measurement** option as
`DC`

.

**Data Types: **`double`

### Setup

`Number of bits`

— Number of physical output bits

`10`

(default) | positive real integer in the range `[1, 26]`

Number of physical output bits, specified as a unitless positive real integer in the
range `[1, 26]`

. **Number of bits** determines the
resolution of the ADC.

#### Programmatic Use

Use

`get_param(gcb,'NBits')`

to view the current**Number of bits**.Use

`set_param(gcb,'NBits',value)`

to set**Number of bits**to a specific value.

**Data Types: **`double`

`Input range (V)`

— ADC dynamic range

`[-1 1]`

(default) | 2-element row vector

ADC dynamic range, specified as a 2-element row vector in volts.

#### Programmatic Use

Use

`get_param(gcb,'InputRange')`

to view the current**Input range (V)**.Use

`set_param(gcb,'InputRange',value)`

to set**Input range (V)**to a specific value.

**Data Types: **`double`

`Hold off time (s)`

— Delay before measurement analysis

`0`

(default) | nonnegative real scalar

Delays measurement analysis to avoid corruption by transients, specified as a nonnegative real scalar in seconds.

#### Programmatic Use

Block parameter:
`HoldOffTime` |

Type: character vector |

Values: nonnegative real scalar |

Default:
`0` |

**Data Types: **`double`

`Show spectrum analyzer during simulation`

— Displays spectrum analyzer during simulation

off (default) | on

Displays spectrum analyzer during simulation. By default, this option is deselected.

#### Dependencies

This parameter is only available when **Measurement** option is
set to `AC`

.

`Enable increased buffer size`

— Enable increased buffer size

off (default) | on

Select to enable increased buffer size during simulation. By default, this option is deselected.

`Buffer size`

— Number of samples of the input buffering available during simulation

`5`

(default) | positive integer scalar

Number of samples of the input buffering available during simulation, specified as a positive integer scalar.

Selecting different simulation solver or sampling strategies can change the number
of input samples needed to produce an accurate output sample. Set the **Buffer
size** to a large enough value that the input buffer contains all the input
samples required.

#### Dependencies

This parameter is only available when **Enable increased buffer
size** option is selected in the **Configuration**
tab.

#### Programmatic Use

Block parameter:
`NBuffer` |

Type: character vector |

Values: positive integer scalar |

Default:
`5` |

**Data Types: **`double`

### Target Metric

`Autofill target metric`

— Automatically propagate target metrics from ADC

button

`Offset error`

— Shifts quantization steps by specific value

`1.5 LSB`

(default) | real scalar

Shifts quantization steps by specific value, specified as a positive real scalar in %FS, FS, or LSB.

**Note**

The full scale range of the converter is defined as the difference between the last and first code on the +0.5 LSB compensated transfer curve. In a +0.5 LSB compensated transfer curve, first code is 0.5 LSB wide while the last code is 1.5 LSB wide. The input values must be considered within the full scale range of the converter.

**Note**

LSB is calculated by the equation $$\text{LSB=}\frac{\text{Fullscalerangeofconverter}}{{2}^{Nbits}}$$.

#### Dependencies

To enable this parameter, set **Measurement** option to
`DC`

.

#### Programmatic Use

Block parameter:
`TargetOffsetError` |

Type: character vector |

Values: real scalar |

Default:
`1.5 LSB` |

**Data Types: **`double`

`Gain error`

— Error on the slope of ADC transfer curve

`1 LSB`

(default) | real scalar

Error on the slope of the straight line interpolating ADC transfer curve, specified as a positive real scalar in least significant bit %FS, FS, or LSB.

**Note**

The full scale range of the converter is defined as the difference between the last and first code on the +0.5 LSB compensated transfer curve. In a +0.5 LSB compensated transfer curve, first code is 0.5 LSB wide while the last code is 1.5 LSB wide. The input values must be considered within the full scale range of the converter.

**Note**

LSB is calculated by the equation $$\text{LSB=}\frac{\text{Fullscalerangeofconverter}}{{2}^{Nbits}}$$.

#### Dependencies

To enable this parameter, set **Measurement** option to
`DC`

.

#### Programmatic Use

Block parameter:
`TargetGainError` |

Type: character vector |

Values: real scalar |

Default:
`1 LSB` |

**Data Types: **`double`

## References

[2] IEEE Std 1241-2010. "IEEE Standard for Terminology and Test Methods for Analog-to-Digital Converters," pp. 29-30, 14 January 2011.

## Version History

**Introduced in R2019a**

## See Also

ADC DC Measurement | ADC AC Measurement | Flash ADC | SAR ADC

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