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Grouping continuous nonzero in a row vector

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Dear All,
Is there any MATLAB function to ease grouping continuous nonzero elements of a row vector? I will explain further in the example below:
If I have such a simple row vector: A = [0,0,0,0,3,2,5,2,4,1,5,0,1,2,5,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1,1,2,6,3,1]
Then I need to work on each continuous nonzero groups separately, i.e. I need to obtain matrices below to further analyze each group:
A1 = [3,2,5,2,4,1,5] ; A2 = [1,2,5] ; A3 = [3,2,5,2,4,1,5];
Thanks!

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Accepted Answer

Cedric Wannaz
Cedric Wannaz on 1 Nov 2013
Edited: Cedric Wannaz on 1 Nov 2013
Here is one solution..
wrap = [0, A, 0] ;
temp = diff( wrap ~= 0 ) ;
blockStart = find( temp == 1 ) + 1 ;
blockEnd = find( temp == -1 ) ;
blocks = arrayfun( @(bId) wrap(blockStart(bId):blockEnd(bId)), ...
1:numel(blockStart), 'UniformOutput', false ) ;
With that, you get
>> blocks{1}
ans =
3 2 5 2 4 1 5
>> blocks{2}
ans =
1 2 5
>> blocks{3}
ans =
1 1 2 6 3 1
Another solution would be to compute the start and size of clusters of 0's, eliminate the latter from A, and MAT2CELL what remains using proper boundaries based on the aforementioned start and size information.

More Answers (3)

Andrei Bobrov
Andrei Bobrov on 5 Nov 2013
Edited: Andrei Bobrov on 6 Nov 2013
A = [0,0,0,0,3,2,5,2,4,1,5,0,1,2,5,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1,1,2,6,3,1];
ii = zeros(size(A));
jj = A > 0;
ii(strfind([0,jj(:)'],[0 1])) = 1;
idx = cumsum(ii).*jj;
out = accumarray( idx(jj)',A(jj)',[],@(x){x'});

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Mona Mahboob Kanafi
Mona Mahboob Kanafi on 6 Nov 2013
Hi Andrei, Thanks for your answer. Nice idea, only for the use of accumarray it gives an error

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Akhlaqur Rahman
Akhlaqur Rahman on 9 Jan 2017
y = [1 2 1 3 1 4 0 0 0 0 4 5 2 3 0 0 5 4 2 3 0 0 0 4 5 3];
y = padarray(y,[0,3]);
y1 = uint8(y>0);
k = 1;
j = 1;
for i = 1+1:length(y)-1
if y1(i)>0 && y(i-1)==0
x1(j) = i;
j = j+1;
elseif y1(i)==0 &&y1(i-1)>0
x2(k) = i;
k = k+1 ;
end
end
for i = 1:length(x1)-1
z{i}=y(x1(i):x2(i)-1);
cell2mat(z(i))
end

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Emma DeWitt Cotter
Emma DeWitt Cotter on 15 Mar 2017
This can also be achieved using the bwconncomp function if you have the Image Processing toolbox. The PixelIdxList field will be a cell containing the list of indices associated with each group of nonzero elements.

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