Index exceeds the number of array elements - Error message

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Posted a similar question before, but this time it is for taking an average of every 2 data points. For example: 1 2 is averaged, 3 4 is averaged, 5 6, 7 8, etc. I am getting an error where n1 is larger than the array, which is giving the error in ma. Pretty sure I have to change the length but not sure how to go about it. What should I do?
Here is the code:
clear all
mdata = [1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10];
k = 1;
n1 = 1;
for n = 1:length(mdata)
ma(n) = (1/(k + 1)) * sum(mdata(n1:n1 + k));
n1 = (n1 + k) + 1;
std_ma(n) = std(ma);
end
Error message:
Index exceeds the number of array elements (10).
Error in untitled29 (line 9)
ma(n) = (1/(k + 1)) * sum(mdata(n1:n1 + k));

Answers (2)

David Hill
David Hill on 30 Jun 2022
mdata = [1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10];
k = 1;
c = 1;
for n1 = 1:2:length(mdata)
ma(c) = (1/(k + 1)) * sum(mdata(n1:n1 + k));
std_ma(c) = std(ma);
c=c+1;
end
std_ma = 1×5
0 1.4142 2.0000 2.5820 3.1623
  1 Comment
zack
zack on 1 Jul 2022
What if I wanted to increase the averaging size from 2 to 3? I get the error again when I do that. for example:
mdata = [1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10];
k = 2;
c = 1;
for n1 = 1:3:length(mdata)
ma(c) = (1/(k + 1)) * sum(mdata(n1:n1 + k));
std_ma(c) = std(ma);
c = c + 1;
end
Index exceeds the number of array elements. Index must not exceed 10.

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Steven Lord
Steven Lord on 30 Jun 2022
x = 1:10
x = 1×10
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
y = reshape(x, 2, [])
y = 2×5
1 3 5 7 9 2 4 6 8 10
m = mean(y, 1) % mean of each column; "collapse" dimension 1 to size 1 by taking the mean
m = 1×5
1.5000 3.5000 5.5000 7.5000 9.5000
m2 = mean(y, 2) % "collapse" dimension 2 to size 1 by taking the mean
m2 = 2×1
5 6
All these assume that the number of elements in x is a multiple of 2. If it isn't the reshape call will error.
y2 = reshape([x, 11], 2, [])
Error using reshape
Product of known dimensions, 2, not divisible into total number of elements, 11.

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