# Help with simple nested function

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The function i am trying to get is:

%first mode

function g=hall(t)

lolla=seno(t);

function h=seno(t);

h=sin(t);

end

if lolla>0

g=1;

else g=0;

end

end

that means if the sine is positive the function outputs 1, otherwise negative. I get serveral types of errors. Edit as you prefer and make it even simple if you can. Later on I will have to edit the sine function with other functions of time. Thank you very much in advance.

##### 6 Comments

Dyuman Joshi
on 3 Nov 2023

"yes you are right, but when I do fplot(hall,[0 3]) for exaple i get error, know why?"

First of all, the syntax of calling the function is incorrect. See my comment above for the correct syntax.

Secondly, fplot expects function handles as input, whereas the function you have provides numbers as outputs.

What is the objective here? Do you want to plot the outcome of the function for different values?

If so, then which type of plot? and what to plot against?

### Answers (3)

Jon
on 3 Nov 2023

Your code seems to run without errors as demonstrated below, whether it does what you want is another question. What is it exactly you are trying to do?

t = linspace(0,2*pi);

g = hall(t)

%first mode

function g=hall(t)

lolla=seno(t);

function h=seno(t);

h=sin(t);

end

if lolla>0

g=1;

else g=0;

end

end

##### 3 Comments

Jon
on 3 Nov 2023

Edited: Jon
on 3 Nov 2023

To make a plot that is similar to the Simulink block diagram that you show you could use this

t = linspace(0,10*pi,1000);

x = sin(t);

% x>0 is logical array true (1) when x is positive false (0), make it into

% numerical values of ones and zeros so that you can plot it, or otherwise

% maninpulate it

xpm = double(x>0);

plot(t,xpm)

Jon
on 3 Nov 2023

Steven Lord
on 3 Nov 2023

Moved: Dyuman Joshi
on 3 Nov 2023

The command fplot(hall, [0 3]) attempts to call hall with no input arguments and use what it returns as the first input to the fplot function. Your hall function requires an input to operate correctly.

If you were to specify a function handle to the hall function (to allow fplot to call it with the inputs it decides to use) you'd still have an issue when your user (or fplot) calls your function with a non-scalar input. That would look like fplot(@hall, [0 3]). Instead of using if in your hall code, you'd probably want to use logical indexing.

##### 1 Comment

Dyuman Joshi
on 3 Nov 2023

@Davide Cannavacciuolo, follows Steven's advice to

- understand syntax of fplot() function for plotting

- and use logical indexing to modify your code so that it works for non-scalar inputs

Sam Chak
on 3 Nov 2023

Edited: Sam Chak
on 3 Nov 2023

If I'm not mistaken, you probably want to plot something like this, right? Once you confirm that, we can guide you how to plot the graph using your Nested function. By the way, is it a requirement to use fplot()?

t = linspace(0, 2*pi, 3601);

g = zeros(1, numel(t));

for j = 1:numel(t)

g(j) = hall(t(j));

end

plot(t/pi, sin(t)), hold on

plot(t/pi, g), grid on, ylim([-1.5 1.5])

xlabel('t/{\pi}')

legend('sin(t)', 'g')

%% first mode

function g = hall(t)

lolla = seno(t);

function h = seno(t);

h = sin(t);

end

if lolla > 0

g = 1;

else

g = 0;

end

end

##### 0 Comments

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