No, that is not possible in any easy way.
When you invoked f(k,n) to turn the function handle into a sym so you could call latex(), then you requested evaluation of the function. Evaluation of symbolic functions always involves automatic simplification of constant expressions and automatic combination of constant terms, along with various automatic rewriting of term order according to rules that can be difficult to work out.
I have to wonder, though, where that code came from? It looks suspiciously like something that would be generated by matlabFunction() applied to a symbolic expression; if so then possibly you can latex() the symbolic expression directly.