# Best fit line on Semi log graph

6 views (last 30 days)
Maiesha Nujhat on 25 Oct 2020
Commented: Maiesha Nujhat on 25 Oct 2020 Hello, I'm new to matlab. i want to plot a graph where x axis is in log scale and y axis is linear. The graph beow though shows straight line but I know the equation is not correct because It didn't pass throgh the scatter points
here is the code. Please help me, how can these line pass through the points and also how can i get the equation?
data=[0.891 35784.525582
0.91 39142.72
0.815 17679.26
0.891 25582
0.8861 30168.052]
p1=data(:,2); %Re
q1=data(:,1); %Cd
scatter(p1,q1)
set(gca,'XScale','log');
pp = polyfit(log(p1), q1, 1)
qq=exp(polyval(pp,log(p1)))
hold on
plot(p1, qq)
hold off

Alan Stevens on 25 Oct 2020
Like so
data=[0.891 35784.525582
0.91 39142.72
0.815 17679.26
0.891 25582
0.8861 30168.052];
p1=data(:,2); %Re
q1=data(:,1); %Cd
logp1 = log10(p1);
pp = polyfit(logp1, q1, 1);
qq=polyval(pp,logp1);
plot(logp1, qq,'-*',logp1,q1,'o'),grid
xlabel('log10(p1)'),ylabel('q1')
legend('fit','data')

Maiesha Nujhat on 25 Oct 2020
thanks, the line goes through the points now.. but can you help me further? in excel I plotted this graph but the equation shows something else. the picture is given below. From the code I get
pp =
0.2460 -0.2177
can you tell me where is the problem? Alan Stevens on 25 Oct 2020
The Matlab figures come from fitting Cd to lo10(Re).
The Excel figures come from fitting log10(Cd) to log10(Re).
If we modify the MATLAB program to the following
data=[0.891 35784.525582
0.91 39142.72
0.815 17679.26
0.891 25582
0.8861 30168.052];
p1=data(:,2); %Re
q1=data(:,1); %Cd
logp1 = log10(p1);
logq1 = log10(q1);
pp = polyfit(logp1, logq1, 1);
qq=polyval(pp,logp1);
plot(logp1, qq,'-*',logp1,logq1,'o'),grid
xlabel('log10(Re)'),ylabel('log(Cd)')
legend('fit','data')
we get
pp =
0.1244 -0.6110
We can manipulate this as follows
% pp = 0.1244 -0.6110
% m = pp(1); c = pp(2)
% log10(Cd) = m*log10(Re) + c
% log10(Cd) = log10(Re^m) + c
% Cd = (10^c)*Re^m
% 10^c = 0.2449
% Cd = 0.2449*Re^0.1244
So the result depends on the type of fit, Cd vs log10(Re) or log10(Cd) vs log10(Re).
Maiesha Nujhat on 25 Oct 2020
Thank you so much!