checking input an integer greater than 0?
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John D'Errico on 16 Nov 2020
Edited: John D'Errico on 16 Nov 2020
If you want to check for an integer that exceeds zero, first use the && and || operators.
So assuming you want to throw an error if it fails, then I might do...
if (x <= 0) || (rem(x,1) ~= 0)
error('Oh nO, Mr. Bill! x was not a positive integer.')
You use the || operator here, because MATLAB is more efficient with them in an if statement. They short circuit the test, so if the first part of the test is true, then there is no need to even execute the second clause in the test. The && operator works the same way.
I might even have added a test that x be a scalar variable.
If your question is you want to do something specifically if x is a positve integer, then another ay to write it would be:
if (numel(x) == 1) && (x > 0) && (fix(x,1) == 0)
disp('Happy days are here again...')
error('Oh nO, Mr. Bill! x was not a scalar positive integer.')
As you can see, I even added a test that x be scalar. There are of course alternative ways to test for an element being an integer. (fix(x)==x) is another, or (round(x) == x). Note that all such tests, when applied to a scalar are all extremely fast. Actually, the slowest of them is the rem test I used above.
You should also see that when I changed the if statement, I now had to use &&, which is the short-circuited version that applies.