Create strong passwords

Creates passwords with customizable character limits also allowing for limited character sets
Updated 21 Jul 2014

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This function creates passwords with the maximum entropy as allowed by constraints set by the user. Constraints can be set to specify the length of the password, or minimum numbers of character sets. All unspecified characters can come from any possible symbol. Using ‘rng shuffle’ in the code, shuffles the random number generator so that passwords cannot be recreated based on pseudorandom number generator seed.
I created this after having to create an excessive number of long, strong passwords, not correlated with previous passwords. Care was taken to make the process as random as possible for the highest strength protection. Other files didn’t have sufficient freedom, or were less rigorous.
Password=CreatePassword(N,N_c,N_C,N_n,N_s,List_s) %individual inputs
Password=CreatePassword([N,N_c,N_C,N_n,N_s]) % single vector of quotas
Password=CreatePassword(N,[N_c,N_C,N_n,N_s]) %length and quota vector
All inputs are optional. Vector length can be from 2 to the upper limit.
N : Exact number of characters in password. Increased as needed based on quotas. Default value of 8
N_c : Minimum number of lowercase characters. If negative, no lowercase characters are used. Default value 0, meaning no lowercase characters required, but are allowed.
N_C : Minimum number of uppercase characters. If negative, no uppercase characters are used. Default value 0.
N_n : Minimum number of number characters. If negative, no number characters are used. Default value 0.
N_s : Minimum number of symbol characters. If negative, no symbol characters are used. Default value 0.
List_s: User specified list of characters. Primarily meant to specified allowed symbols, but can be used for any required set. Can be specified as ASCII character code (float), or as a character string ('!@#$%'). Default value are all the printable ASCII symbols (ie, non-whitespace).
% % % Example (shown in published results) % % % %
%% Default Behavior:
CreatePassword % Default is 8 character password of all ASCII values
ans = w69nGj/1
%% 5 characters, only lowercase letters and numbers
CreatePassword(5,0,-1,0,-1) %5 character password of only lowercase and numbers
ans = v1onw
%% Using single vector
ans = 915YkG5d
% 5 (8 actually) character password with at least 2 lowercase, 2 uppercase and 4 numbers (no symbols due to no unalocated spaces)
%% Using Length and vector
ans = 7hFD59j9
% 5 (8 actually) character password with at least 2 lowercase, 2 uppercase and 4 numbers (no symbols due to no unalocated spaces)
%% Negative requirements mean characters will not be used
ans = ]24:25[]
% 8 character password with at least 4 numbers and no lowercase or uppercase
ans = 71983209
%8 number password with no symbols
%% User specified set, not checked for uniqueness
ans = 696666996696666669
% password using only the characters 6 and 9, (6 is three times more likely, so roughly 4 9's are expected, on average)
Known issues:
Random number generator state is shuffled which may affect other programs that rely on pseudorandom behavior for validating results.
Passwords are hard to break, but they are also hard to remember. Passwords should always be kept in lists at least 3x’s the number of unauthorized attempts long.
Length of password cannot be set to be random.
Cheers, Alan Jennings

Cite As

Alan Jennings (2024). Create strong passwords (, MATLAB Central File Exchange. Retrieved .

MATLAB Release Compatibility
Created with R2012a
Compatible with any release
Platform Compatibility
Windows macOS Linux
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