Convert between RGB and Color Names

Version 6.1.2 (496 KB) by Stephen23
RGB to color name. Color name to RGB. Supports many palettes: CSS, dvips, HTML, MATLAB, RAL, SVG, X11, xcolor, xkcd,...

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Updated Thu, 08 Sep 2022 21:06:25 +0000

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One function converts between RGB and color names, in both directions.
The function COLORNAMES accepts either RGB values or color names as its inputs, and returns the color names and RGB values from the palette of your choice. The palette is selected by the first input, the trailing inputs are either color names or RGB values:
  • Input RGB are matched to the closest palette colors using CIEDE2000, CIE94:1, CIE94:2 (default), CIE76 (i.e. Lab), CMC, DIN99, OKLab, or RGB color difference (deltaE) metrics.
  • Input color name matching is case-insensitive with optional spaces, except for some palettes where whitespace or CamelCase is significant.
Whether matching color names or RGB, COLORNAMES always returns the same two output arguments:
  1. the color names (string array, or cell array of char vectors).
  2. a numeric array of the corresponding RGB values.
A list of the available palettes is returned by calling COLORNAMES with no inputs.
Suggestions of interesting palettes (with named colors) are very welcome!
Bonus Functions
  • COLORNAMES_CUBE shows palette colors in a 3D cube (Lab, LCh, DIN99, HSV, OKLab, XYZ, or RGB).
  • COLORNAMES_VIEW shows palette colors in 2D axes, and sorting them by various color space dimensions (Lab, XYZ, YUV, HSV, or RGB).
  • COLORNAMES_DELTAE creates a figure comparing the different color difference calculations (CIEDE2000, CIE94, CIE76, DIN99, CMC, OKLab, or RGB). For more information: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Color_difference
Examples
>> palettes = colornames()
palettes =
'Alphabet'
'AmstradCPC'
'AppleII'
'Bang'
'BS381C'
'CGA'
'Crayola'
'CSS'
'dvips'
'Foster'
'HTML4'
'ISCC'
'Kelly'
'LeCorbusier'
'MacBeth'
'MATLAB'
'Natural'
'OsXCrayons'
'PWG'
'R'
'RAL'
'Resene'
'Resistor'
'SherwinWilliams'
'SVG'
'Tableau'
'Thesaurus'
'Trubetskoy'
'Wada'
'Werner'
'Wikipedia'
'Wolfram'
'X11'
'xcolor'
'xkcd'
>> colornames('Natural') % all color names for one palette
ans =
'Black'
'Blue'
'Green'
'Red'
'White'
'Yellow'
>> [names,rgb] = colornames('HTML4','blue','RED','Teal','olive')
names =
'Blue'
'Red'
'Teal'
'Olive'
rgb =
0 0 1.0000
1.0000 0 0
0 0.5020 0.5020
0.5020 0.5020 0
>> colornames('HTML4',[0,0.5,1;1,0.5,0]) % default deltaE = CIE94:2
ans =
'Blue'
'Red'
>> colornames('HTML4',[0,0.5,1;1,0.5,0],'rgb') % specify deltaE
ans =
'Teal'
'Olive'
>> colornames("MATLAB",'c','m','y','k')
ans =
"Cyan"
"Magenta"
"Yellow"
"Black"
>> [names,rgb] = colornames('MATLAB');
>> compose('%s %d %d %d',char(names),rgb)
ans =
'Black 0 0 0'
'Blue 0 0 1'
'Cyan 0 1 1'
'Green 0 1 0'
'Magenta 1 0 1'
'Red 1 0 0'
'White 1 1 1'
'Yellow 1 1 0'

Cite As

Stephen23 (2023). Convert between RGB and Color Names (https://www.mathworks.com/matlabcentral/fileexchange/48155-convert-between-rgb-and-color-names), MATLAB Central File Exchange. Retrieved .

MATLAB Release Compatibility
Created with R2010b
Compatible with R2009b and later releases
Platform Compatibility
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Version Published Release Notes
6.1.2

* fix description bullet points

6.1.1

* Correct description.

6.1.0

- Add palettes LeCorbusier, OsxCrayons, PWG, Wada, Werner.
- Add OKLab deltaE.
- Support both standard parameter sets for CMC deltaE.
- Support both standard parameter sets for CIE94 deltaE.
- Bonus functions accept string inputs.

6.0.0

* Accept STRING class text inputs.
* Returns STRING class colornames when palette is a STRING.
* Inbuilt NATSORT routine.
* More flexible color name matching.

5.0.1

Add notes on how to add a new color palette.

5.0.0

* Faster color name matching algorithm. Also more flexible, e.g.:
- characters with or without diacritic.
- optional parentheses.
- optional hyphen.
* Add error ID codes.
* VIEW: sort alphabetically excluding leading index.

4.0.1

* Improve layout of palette descriptions and error messages.
* Permanent scrollbar for much faster COLORNAMES_VIEW.

4.0.0

* Simplify .mat file structure.
* Add SherwinWilliams palette.

3.6.0

* Add DIN99 colorspace for viewing and deltaE calculation.
* Add palette Trubetskoy.

3.5.3

* Add "Thesaurus" and "Tableau" palettes.
* Add feature to print detailed list of supported palettes.
* Correct "xcolor" blue values.
* Now works with >=R2014b graphics engine.

3.5.2.1

* Improve online description.

3.5.2

* Remove non-ASCII characters from file.

3.5.1

* Fixed missing variable in COLORNAMES_CUBE
* Improved indexed-colorname regular expression.

3.5.0.0

* VIEW: show RGB value with click on color name.
* Combine into one resistor palette.
* Allow for negative leading integer.

3.4.0.0

* Change Lab illuminant to D65.
* Fix bug in camorbit for CUBE.
* Improve help examples.

3.3.0.0

* Add AmstradCPC palette.
* Match initial letters for palettes Alphabet, MATLAB, and Natural.

3.2.0.0

* Documentation changes.

3.1.0.0

* Add CIEDE2000 deltaE color distance calculation.
* Add COLORNAMES_CUBE function.
* Change input argument name from "scheme" to "palette".
* Improved HTML documentation.

3.0.0.0

* Total rewrite of the RGB matching algorithm.
* Add HTML documentation.

2.1.0.0

* Much more robust string matching using Levenshtein distance to pick closest colorname (Wagner–Fischer algorithm).
* Rename supplementary function (deltaE viewer) and add default values.

2.0.0.0

* Add lots of colorschemes.
* Add new fields to .MAT file: <spaces> and <indices>.

1.2.0.0

* Add Alphabet and Kelly colorschemes.

1.1.0.0

- Downloadable as toolbox

1.0.0.0