Verify two handle arrays are different
testCase — Test case
Test case, specified as a
object. Because the
matlab.unittest.qualifications.Verifiable and inherits its
testCase is typically a
actual — Value to test
Value to test, specified as a value of any data type.
prohibited — Value to compare against
Value to compare against, specified as a handle array.
diagnostic — Diagnostic information to display
string array | character array | function handle | array of
Diagnostic information to display when the qualification passes or fails, specified as a
string array, character array, function handle, or array of
Depending on the test runner configuration, the testing framework can display diagnostics when
the qualification passes or fails. By default, the framework displays diagnostics
only when the qualification fails. You can override the default behavior by
customizing the test runner. For example, use a
DiagnosticsOutputPlugin instance to display both failing and
passing event diagnostics.
"My Custom Diagnostic"
To learn about attributes of methods, see Method Attributes.
Test Handles for Inequality
Test if the actual value is not the same as the specified handle array.
In a file in your current folder, create the
ExampleHandle handle class.
classdef ExampleHandle < handle properties Number = 1; end end
ExampleHandle objects assigned to the variables
h2. Then, assign the value of
h2 to another variable
h3. The variables
h2 point to different objects, but the variables
h3 point to the same object.
h1 = ExampleHandle; h2 = ExampleHandle; h3 = h2;
Create a test case for interactive testing.
testCase = matlab.unittest.TestCase.forInteractiveUse;
h2 point to different objects.
h3 point to different objects. The test fails.
verifyNotSameHandle(testCase,h2,h3, ... "Values must point to different objects.")
Verification failed. ---------------- Test Diagnostic: ---------------- Values must point to different objects. --------------------- Framework Diagnostic: --------------------- verifyNotSameHandle failed. --> The two handles must not refer to the same handle, or should have different sizes. Actual Value: ExampleHandle with properties: Number: 1 Prohibited Handle Object: ExampleHandle with properties: Number: 1 ------------------ Stack Information: ------------------ In C:\work\TestHandlesForInequalityExample.m (TestHandlesForInequalityExample) at 33
[h1 h2] is not the same as
[h2 h1]. The test passes because the corresponding vector elements point to different objects.
verifyNotSameHandle(testCase,[h1 h2],[h2 h1])
[h2 h3] is not the same as
[h3 h2]. The test fails because the corresponding vector elements point to the same object.
verifyNotSameHandle(testCase,[h2 h3],[h3 h2])
Verification failed. --------------------- Framework Diagnostic: --------------------- verifyNotSameHandle failed. --> The two handles must not refer to the same handle, or should have different sizes. Actual Value: 1×2 ExampleHandle array with properties: Number Prohibited Handle Object: 1×2 ExampleHandle array with properties: Number ------------------ Stack Information: ------------------ In C:\work\TestHandlesForInequalityExample.m (TestHandlesForInequalityExample) at 44
Verify that two handle arrays of different shapes are not the same.
verifyNotSameHandle(testCase,[h1 h1 h2 h3],[h1 h1; h2 h3])
verifyNotSameHandleis a convenience method. For example,
verifyNotSameHandle(testCase,actual,prohibited)is functionally equivalent to the following code.
import matlab.unittest.constraints.IsSameHandleAs testCase.verifyThat(actual,~IsSameHandleAs(prohibited))
Use verification qualifications to produce and record failures without throwing an exception. Since verifications do not throw exceptions, all test content runs to completion even when verification failures occur. Typically, verifications are the primary qualification for a unit test, since they typically do not require an early exit from the test. Use other qualification types to test for violation of preconditions or incorrect test setup:
Use assumption qualifications to ensure that the test environment meets preconditions that otherwise do not result in a test failure. Assumption failures result in filtered tests, and the testing framework marks the tests as
Incomplete. For more information, see
Use assertion qualifications when the failure condition invalidates the remainder of the current test content, but does not prevent proper execution of subsequent tests. A failure at the assertion point renders the current test as
Incomplete. For more information, see
Use fatal assertion qualifications to abort the test session upon failure. These qualifications are useful when the failure is so fundamental that continuing testing does not make sense. Fatal assertion qualifications are also useful when fixture teardown does not restore the environment state correctly, and aborting testing and starting a fresh session is preferable. For more information, see
Version HistoryIntroduced in R2013a
R2019b: Character vectors are no longer equivalent to enumerations
In qualifications, character vectors are no longer equivalent to enumerations of a handle class. For example, consider this enumeration class.
classdef MyClass < handle enumeration X Y end end
This test passes because
'X' does not represent the enumeration
MyClass.X. In previous releases, the test fails.
testCase = matlab.unittest.TestCase.forInteractiveUse; testCase.verifyNotSameHandle('X',MyClass.X)