Sine, Cosine

Implement fixed-point sine or cosine wave using lookup table approach that exploits quarter wave symmetry

  • Library:
  • Simulink / Lookup Tables

Description

The Sine and Cosine block implements a sine and/or cosine wave in fixed point using a lookup table method that exploits quarter wave symmetry. The block can output the following functions of the input signal, depending upon what you select for the Output formula parameter:

  • sin(2πu)

  • cos(2πu)

  • exp(ju)

  • sin(2πu) and cos(2πu)

You define the number of lookup table points in the Number of data points for lookup table parameter. The block implementation is most efficient when you specify the lookup table data points to be (2^n)+1, where n is an integer.

Use the Output word length parameter to specify the word length of the fixed-point output data type. The fraction length of the output is the output word length minus 2.

Tip

To simulate a model containing this block without a Fixed-Point Designer™ license, you must use data type override. For more information, see Share Fixed-Point Models.

Ports

Input

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Input signal, u, specified as a real-valued scalar, vector, matrix, or array.

Tip

To obtain meaningful block output, the block input values should fall within the range [0, 1). For input values that fall outside this range, the values are cast to an unsigned data type, where overflows wrap. For these out-of-range inputs, the block output might not be meaningful.

Data Types: single | double | int8 | int16 | int32 | uint8 | uint16 | uint32 | Boolean | fixed point

Output

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Fixed-point sine wave, implemented using a lookup table approach.

Dependencies

This port is enabled when the Output formula is set to sin(2*pi*u) or sin(2*pi*u) and cos(2*pi*u).

Data Types: fixed point

Fixed-point cosine wave, implemented using a lookup table approach.

Dependencies

This port is enabled when the Output formula is set to cos(2*pi*u) or sin(2*pi*u) and cos(2*pi*u).

Data Types: fixed point

exp(j*2*pi*u), implemented using a lookup table approach.

Dependencies

This port is enabled when the Output formula is set to exp(j*2*pi*u).

Data Types: fixed point

Parameters

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Programmatic Use

Block Parameter: Formula
Values: 'sin(2*pi*u)' | 'cos(2*pi*u)' | 'exp(j*2*pi*u)' | 'sin(2*pi*u) and cos(2*pi*u)'

The implementation is most efficient when you specify the lookup table data points to be (2^n)+1, where n is an integer. To be compatible with the Output word length parameter, the Number of data points for lookup table must be less than or equal to (2^(Output word length-2)+1).

Programmatic Use

Block Parameter: NumDataPoints
Type: scalar
Value: integer >= 2
Default: '(2^5)+1'

The fraction length of the output is the output word length minus 2. To be compatible with the Number of data points for lookup table parameter, (2^(Output word length - 2) +1) must be greater than or equal to Number of data points for lookup table.

Note

The block uses double-precision floating-point values to construct lookup tables. Therefore, the maximum amount of precision you can achieve in your output is 53 bits. Setting the word length to values greater than 53 bits does not improve the precision of your output.

Programmatic Use

Block Parameter: OutputWordLength
Type: scalar
Value: integer from 2 to 53
Default: '16'

Select Speed for faster calculations. If you do, a loss of accuracy might occur, usually up to 2 bits.

Programmatic Use

Block Parameter: InternalRulePriority
Values: 'Speed' | 'Precision'
Default: 'Speed'

Block Characteristics

Data Types

Boolean | double | fixed point | integer | single

Direct Feedthrough

no

Multidimensional Signals

no

Variable-Size Signals

no

Zero-Crossing Detection

no

Extended Capabilities

C/C++ Code Generation
Generate C and C++ code using Simulink® Coder™.

Fixed-Point Conversion
Convert floating-point algorithms to fixed point using Fixed-Point Designer™.

Introduced before R2006a