Randomly sample from data, with or without replacement

returns a sample for any of the input arguments in the previous syntaxes, with
additional options specified by one or more name-value pair arguments. For example,
`y`

= datasample(___,`Name,Value`

)`'Replace',false`

specifies sampling without
replacement.

`datasample`

uses `randperm`

, `rand`

, or `randi`

to generate random values. Therefore,
`datasample`

changes the state of the MATLAB^{®} global random number generator. Control the random number generator using
`rng`

.

For selecting weighted samples without replacement, `datasample`

uses the algorithm of Wong and Easton [1].

You can use `randi`

or `randperm`

to generate
indices for random sampling with or without replacement, respectively. However,
`datasample`

can be more convenient to use because it samples
directly from your data. `datasample`

also allows weighted
sampling.

[1] Wong, C. K. and M. C. Easton. *An Efficient Method
for Weighted Sampling Without Replacement.* SIAM Journal of Computing
9(1), pp. 111–113, 1980.