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RegressionNeuralNetwork Predict

Predict responses using neural network regression model

  • Library:
  • Statistics and Machine Learning Toolbox / Regression

  • RegressionNeuralNetwork Predict Block Icon

Description

The RegressionNeuralNetwork Predict block predicts responses using a neural network regression object (RegressionNeuralNetwork or CompactRegressionNeuralNetwork).

Import a trained regression object into the block by specifying the name of a workspace variable that contains the object. The input port x receives an observation (predictor data), and the output port yfit returns a predicted response for the observation.

Ports

Input

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Predictor data, specified as a column vector or row vector of one observation.

Dependencies

Data Types: single | double | half | int8 | int16 | int32 | int64 | uint8 | uint16 | uint32 | uint64 | Boolean | fixed point

Output

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Predicted response, returned as a scalar.

Data Types: single | double | half | int8 | int16 | int32 | int64 | uint8 | uint16 | uint32 | uint64 | Boolean | fixed point

Parameters

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Main

Specify the name of a workspace variable that contains a RegressionNeuralNetwork object or CompactRegressionNeuralNetwork object.

When you train the model by using fitrnet, the following restrictions apply:

  • The predictor data cannot include categorical predictors (logical, categorical, char, string, or cell). If you supply training data in a table, the predictors must be numeric (double or single). Also, you cannot use the 'CategoricalPredictors' name-value argument. To include categorical predictors in a model, preprocess the categorical predictors by using dummyvar before fitting the model.

Programmatic Use

Block Parameter: TrainedLearner
Type: workspace variable
Values: RegressionNeuralNetwork object | CompactRegressionNeuralNetwork object
Default: 'nnetMdl'

Data Types

Fixed-Point Operational Parameters

Specify the rounding mode for fixed-point operations. For more information, see Rounding (Fixed-Point Designer).

Block parameters always round to the nearest representable value. To control the rounding of a block parameter, enter an expression using a MATLAB® rounding function into the mask field.

Programmatic Use

Block Parameter: RndMeth
Type: character vector
Values: 'Ceiling' | 'Convergent' | 'Floor' | 'Nearest' | 'Round' | 'Simplest' | 'Zero'
Default: 'Floor'

Specify whether overflows saturate or wrap.

ActionRationaleImpact on OverflowsExample

Select this check box (on).

Your model has possible overflow, and you want explicit saturation protection in the generated code.

Overflows saturate to either the minimum or maximum value that the data type can represent.

The maximum value that the int8 (signed 8-bit integer) data type can represent is 127. Any block operation result greater than this maximum value causes overflow of the 8-bit integer. With the check box selected, the block output saturates at 127. Similarly, the block output saturates at a minimum output value of –128.

Clear this check box (off).

You want to optimize efficiency of your generated code.

You want to avoid overspecifying how a block handles out-of-range signals. For more information, see Troubleshoot Signal Range Errors (Simulink).

Overflows wrap to the appropriate value that the data type can represent.

The maximum value that the int8 (signed 8-bit integer) data type can represent is 127. Any block operation result greater than this maximum value causes overflow of the 8-bit integer. With the check box cleared, the software interprets the overflow causing value as int8, which can produce an unintended result. For example, a block result of 130 (binary 1000 0010) expressed as int8 is –126.

Programmatic Use

Block Parameter: SaturateOnIntegerOverflow
Type: character vector
Values: 'off' | 'on'
Default: 'off'

Select this parameter to prevent the fixed-point tools from overriding the data type you specify for the block. For more information, see Use Lock Output Data Type Setting (Fixed-Point Designer).

Programmatic Use

Block Parameter: LockScale
Type: character vector
Values: 'off' | 'on'
Default: 'off'
Data Type

Specify the data type for the yfit output. The type can be inherited, specified directly, or expressed as a data type object such as Simulink.NumericType.

When you select Inherit: auto, the block uses a rule that inherits a data type.

For more information about data types, see Control Data Types of Signals (Simulink).

Click the Show data type assistant button to display the Data Type Assistant, which helps you set the data type attributes. For more information, see Specify Data Types Using Data Type Assistant (Simulink).

Programmatic Use

Block Parameter: OutDataTypeStr
Type: character vector
Values: 'Inherit: auto' | 'double' | 'single' | 'half' | 'int8' | 'uint8' | 'int16' | 'uint16' | 'int32' | 'uint32' | 'int64' | 'uint64' | 'boolean' | 'fixdt(1,16)' | 'fixdt(1,16,0)' | 'fixdt(1,16,2^0,0)' | '<data type expression>'
Default: 'Inherit: auto'

Lower value of the yfit output range that Simulink® checks.

Simulink uses the minimum value to perform:

Note

The Output minimum parameter does not saturate or clip the actual yfit signal. Use the Saturation (Simulink) block instead.

Programmatic Use

Block Parameter: OutMin
Type: character vector
Values: '[]' | scalar
Default: '[]'

Upper value of the yfit output range that Simulink checks.

Simulink uses the maximum value to perform:

Note

The Output maximum parameter does not saturate or clip the actual yfit signal. Use the Saturation (Simulink) block instead.

Programmatic Use

Block Parameter: OutMax
Type: character vector
Values: '[]' | scalar
Default: '[]'

Specify the data type for the output layer. The type can be inherited, specified directly, or expressed as a data type object such as Simulink.NumericType.

When you select Inherit: Inherit via internal rule, the block uses an internal rule to determine the output data type. The internal rule chooses a data type that optimizes numerical accuracy, performance, and generated code size, while taking into account the properties of the embedded target hardware. The software cannot always optimize efficiency and numerical accuracy at the same time.

For more information about data types, see Control Data Types of Signals (Simulink).

Click the Show data type assistant button to display the Data Type Assistant, which helps you set the data type attributes. For more information, see Specify Data Types Using Data Type Assistant (Simulink).

Programmatic Use

Block Parameter: OutputLayerDataTypeStr
Type: character vector
Values: 'Inherit: Inherit via internal rule' | 'double' | 'single' | 'half' | 'int8' | 'uint8' | 'int16' | 'uint16' | 'int32' | 'uint32' | 'int64' | 'uint64' | 'boolean' | 'fixdt(1,16)' | 'fixdt(1,16,0)' | 'fixdt(1,16,2^0,0)' | '<data type expression>'
Default: 'Inherit: auto'

Lower value of the output layer's internal variable range checked by Simulink.

Simulink uses the minimum value to perform:

Note

The Output layer minimum parameter does not saturate or clip the output layer value signal.

Programmatic Use

Block Parameter: OutputLayerOutMin
Type: character vector
Values: '[]' | scalar
Default: '[]'

Upper value of the output layer's internal variable range checked by Simulink.

Simulink uses the maximum value to perform:

Note

The Output layer maximum parameter does not saturate or clip the output layer value signal.

Programmatic Use

Block Parameter: OutputLayerOutMax
Type: character vector
Values: '[]' | scalar
Default: '[]'

Specify the data type for the first layer. The type can be inherited, specified directly, or expressed as a data type object such as Simulink.NumericType.

When you select Inherit: Inherit via internal rule, the block uses an internal rule to determine the data type. The internal rule chooses a data type that optimizes numerical accuracy, performance, and generated code size, while taking into account the properties of the embedded target hardware. The software cannot always optimize efficiency and numerical accuracy at the same time.

For more information about data types, see Control Data Types of Signals (Simulink).

Click the Show data type assistant button to display the Data Type Assistant, which helps you set the data type attributes. For more information, see Specify Data Types Using Data Type Assistant (Simulink).

Tips

A trained neural network can have more than one fully connected layer, excluding the output layer.

  • You can specify the data type for each individual layer for the first 10 layers. Specify the data type Layer n data type for each layer. The data type of the first layer is Layer 1 data type, the data type of the second layer is Layer 2 data type, and so on.

  • You can specify the data type for layers 11 to k, where k is the total number of layers, by using the data type Additional layer(s) data type. The Block Parameter for Additional layer(s) data type is Layer11DataTypeStr.

  • The data types Layer n data type and Additional layer(s) data type can be inherited, specified directly, or expressed as a data type object such as Simulink.NumericType. These data types support the same values as Layer 1 data type.

Programmatic Use

Block Parameter: Layer1DataTypeStr
Type: character vector
Values: 'Inherit: Inherit via internal rule' | 'double' | 'single' | 'half' | 'int8' | 'uint8' | 'int16' | 'uint16' | 'int32' | 'uint32' | 'int64' | 'uint64' | 'boolean' | 'fixdt(1,16)' | 'fixdt(1,16,0)' | 'fixdt(1,16,2^0,0)' | '<data type expression>'
Default: 'Inherit: auto'

Lower value of the first layer's internal variable range checked by Simulink.

Simulink uses the minimum value to perform:

Note

The Layer 1 minimum parameter does not saturate or clip the first layer value signal.

Tips

A trained neural network can have more than one fully connected layer, excluding the output layer.

  • You can specify the lower value of each individual layer's internal variable range checked by Simulink for the first 10 layers. Specify the lower value Layer n minimum for each layer. The minimum value of the first layer is Layer 1 minimum, the minimum value of the second layer is Layer 2 minimum, and so on.

  • You can specify the lower value for layers 11 to k, where k is the total number of layers, by using Additional layer(s) minimum. The Block Parameter for Additional layer(s) minimum is Layer11OutMin.

  • Layer n minimum and Additional layer(s) minimum support the same values as Layer 1 minimum.

Programmatic Use

Block Parameter: Layer1OutMin
Type: character vector
Values: '[]' | scalar
Default: '[]'

Upper value of the first layer's internal variable range checked by Simulink.

Simulink uses the maximum value to perform:

Note

The Layer 1 maximum parameter does not saturate or clip the first layer value signal.

Tips

A trained neural network can have more than one fully connected layer, excluding the output layer.

  • You can specify the upper value of each individual layer's internal variable range checked by Simulink for the first 10 layers. Specify the upper value Layer n maximum for each layer. The maximum value of the first layer is Layer 1 maximum, the maximum value of the second layer is Layer 2 maximum, and so on.

  • You can specify the upper value for layers 11 to k, where k is the total number of layers, by using Additional layer(s) maximum. The Block Parameter for Additional layer(s) maximum is Layer11OutMax.

  • Layer n maximum and Additional layer(s) maximum support the same values as Layer 1 maximum.

Programmatic Use

Block Parameter: Layer1OutMax
Type: character vector
Values: '[]' | scalar
Default: '[]'

Block Characteristics

Data Types

Boolean | double | fixed point | half | integer | single

Direct Feedthrough

yes

Multidimensional Signals

no

Variable-Size Signals

no

Zero-Crossing Detection

no

Extended Capabilities

C/C++ Code Generation
Generate C and C++ code using Simulink® Coder™.

Fixed-Point Conversion
Design and simulate fixed-point systems using Fixed-Point Designer™.

Introduced in R2021b