MATLAB Answers

Niko
0

correlation for multi-dimensional arrays

Asked by Niko
on 14 Sep 2011
Latest activity Answered by Mustapha Adamu on 10 Dec 2018
Hi everyone,
I need to compute correlation coefficients - lots of them. I have two three-dimensional arrays (frequency x time x observations) and I want to compute correlations between the two arrays along the third dimension. The result I need is a two-dimensional array of correlation coefficients (frequency x time). If I understand the corr function correctly, corr is only for column vectors. If I loop over my other two dimensions, I can of course compute the correlation for each time-frequency point separately, but this is very slow.
Is there a way to compute correlation coefficients for multi-dimensional arrays along an arbitrary dimension, or any other way to speed up the computation of correlations?
Thanks!

  1 Comment

Raj
on 27 Aug 2014
Can you please provide formulas (math models) for the multi-dimensional correlation?

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2 Answers

Answer by David Young
on 15 Sep 2011
 Accepted Answer

If you don't have NaNs in the data, and you want the standard Pearson coefficient, then you could try applying the formula for correlation directly, like this:
% Synthetic data for testing
a = rand(10, 10, 100);
b = rand(10, 10, 100);
b(1, 1, :) = 3 * a(1, 1, :) - 2; % r(1,1) should be + 1;
b(1, 2, :) = -17 * a(1, 2, :) + 8; % r(1,2) should be - 1;
% rest of r should be random between +1 and -1
% Compute correlations on third dimension
% Remove means
az = bsxfun(@minus, a, mean(a,3));
bz = bsxfun(@minus, b, mean(b,3));
% Standard Pearson correlation coefficient formula
a2 = az .^ 2;
b2 = bz .^ 2;
ab = az .* bz;
r = sum(ab, 3) ./ sqrt(sum(a2, 3) .* sum(b2, 3));

  2 Comments

Niko
on 15 Sep 2011
Thank you so much David! Works like a charm and runs in no time.
Dear David Young,
.
Why did you use this formulas to calculate the correlation:
.
b(1, 1, :) = 3 * a(1, 1, :) - 2; % r(1,1) should be + 1;
b(1, 2, :) = -17 * a(1, 2, :) + 8; % r(1,2) should be - 1;
.
and why did you removed means?
.
Best Regards!

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Answer by Mustapha Adamu on 10 Dec 2018

Dear David,
How do you go about this if you have nans,
Kind regards;
mustapha

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