As far as I know, no. Anyone is free to correct me on that.
I don't know of any common formats for lossless video that use floating-point data and are also supported by MATLAB tools. The video tools support lossless compressed JPEG2000 files via the 'Archival' profile, but not for floating-point data.
See the docs for VideoWriter
If there were such a format, would any other software be able to use it? If not, then what's the point of using a video file format? If all you need to do is store a MxNx3xF numeric array in a floating-point format for use in MATLAB, why not just use a .mat file?