# how to find zero value with find

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BC =[0 0 0

0 1 0

0 0 0

0 0 1

1 1 1

0 0 1

0 0 0

0 1 0

0 0 0]

U=1-BC

f=find(U);

and f is

f =[1 2 3 4 6 7 8 9 10 12 13 15 16 18 19 20 21 25 26 27]

but I was confused because it's clear that the exact value is

and this is what I want to have

i_want=[1 2 3 4 6 7 8 9 10 11 16 17 19 20 21 22 24 25 26 27]

Can someone help me Where is my mistake?

##### 0 Comments

### Answers (3)

Image Analyst
on 1 Feb 2022

Try this. It will give you two vectors, rows and columns, which are the row and column location that the corresponding zero can be found at in the original matrix.

BC =[0 0 0

0 1 0

0 0 0

0 0 1

1 1 1

0 0 1

0 0 0

0 1 0

0 0 0];

[rows, columns] = find(BC == 0)

##### 3 Comments

Image Analyst
on 1 Feb 2022

That's not good. You're basically getting a linear index but not in the order that you could use it to do vectorized operations. You're taking the linear index going across rows, and then down, while the way MATLAB wants it is going down rows first and then across column-by-column. So for example if you wanted to set all those values to 99 you could not do

BC(i_want) = 99;

with the way you asked for. However if you did

linearIndexes = find(BC == 0);

then you could do that. But actually you don't even need linear indexes -- you can just use logical indexes like this:

logicalIndexes = BC == 0;

BC(logicalIndexes) = 99; % For example set all zeros to the value 99.

I strongly urge you to not do what you asked for, and what you think you want to do, and to just use logical or linear indexes in the order MATLAB needs them, and avoid transposes and other stuff to get something that won't be useful to you.

I mean, with your numbers, you can't even use ind2sub() to get the actual (row, column) indexes.

Turlough Hughes
on 1 Feb 2022

Try the following:

find(BC==0)

or

find(~BC)

##### 4 Comments

Turlough Hughes
on 1 Feb 2022

Edited: Turlough Hughes
on 1 Feb 2022

My bad, I skimmed over your question a little too quickly...

Your data:

BC =[0 0 0

0 1 0

0 0 0

0 0 1

1 1 1

0 0 1

0 0 0

0 1 0

0 0 0];

What you're looking for is an index which counts along the rows of BC, this is a linear index but not the type that MATLAB uses. The convention for linear indexing in MATLAB is called column-major order, and involves counting down through each column, and moving left to right as shown in this figure:

(the figure shows linear indexing on the left and subscript indexing on the right)

Yes, you can obtain the array that you've described:

rowOrderIndex = find(~BC.')

and it does equal to i_want

i_want=[1 2 3 4 6 7 8 9 10 11 16 17 19 20 21 22 24 25 26 27].';

isequal(rowOrderIndex,i_want)

But it's not an index for the zeros:

BC(i_want).'

They're located at:

idx = find(BC==0);

BC(idx).'

Les Beckham
on 1 Feb 2022

Edited: Les Beckham
on 1 Feb 2022

Matlab will index down the columns first. It appears that you want to go across the rows first.

So, just transpose the matrix.

BC =[0 0 0

0 1 0

0 0 0

0 0 1

1 1 1

0 0 1

0 0 0

0 1 0

0 0 0];

i_want = find(BC' == 0)'

##### 2 Comments

Les Beckham
on 1 Feb 2022

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