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Convert String to Expression for IF Statement

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YC
YC on 19 Jul 2019
Commented: Rik on 19 Jul 2019
Issue: conditional expression for IF-statement is dynamic
if cond
a = 1;
else
a = 2;
end
"cond" will change according to input strings/values at each run. It can have any logic combination (<, >, =, &&, ||) and any length. Some examples:
  • "data1 > 10"
  • "data1 > 10 && data1 < 1000"
  • "data1 > 215 || data1 < -10"
  • "data1 > 35 && data2 = 2 && data 3 < 1000”
Conditions expressions will be read in as strings. Is there a way to convert the string to an executable expression?
Example: Running an equivalent version of the code
data = 10;
cond = 'data > 30';
if cond
a = 1;
else
a = 2;
end
returns a = 2.

Accepted Answer

Rik
Rik on 19 Jul 2019
data<1000
That will return a logical (true or false value).
parseCond=@(data) data<1000;
That will create an anonymous function that returns a logical. You can expand it easily like this:
parseCond=@(data) false;
parseCond=@(data) parseCond(data) || data<1000;
val=800;
parseCond=@(data) parseCond(data) && data>val;
  1 Comment
YC
YC on 19 Jul 2019
Hi, Rik,
I wasn't very familiar with anonymous function. Thank you for the clarification. I tried the method and it works.
Since the cond in my case will be string, so I introduced a small change
Original string
'data > 30'
can be easily changed to
'@(data) data > 30'
so the code is
cond = '@(data) data > 30';
parsecond = str2func(cond);
data = 10;
if parsecond(data)
a = 1;
else
a = 2;
end

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More Answers (1)

Christopher Wallace
Christopher Wallace on 19 Jul 2019
  6 Comments
Rik
Rik on 19 Jul 2019
The reasons for the function existing are also discussed in the thread I linked. I don't think it would benefit the discussion to repeat those here.
In this scenario I would argue for a change on the input side that would prevent this strange setup. This data structure doesn't allow changing the variable name, while an anonymous function would (unless it's used with str2func, which is only marginally better than eval). It makes more sense to have the source return the actual test instead of a char array.
It isn't the security concerns for me. Personally I have a strong objection because you take away the automatic code checking tools, and tracking of variable names. And also that an error will not occur at the source.

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