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How to solve ODE in which one variable depends on precedents variable states

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Califfo on 22 May 2020
Commented: Califfo on 23 May 2020
I would like to solve this equation
That is a 2nd order differential equation for a single degree of freedom oscillator.
I am using ode45 but the problem is to compute the restoring force . If the current time is denoted as t and the time step as , one has
Therefore, I need to store precedents variable states to compute and consequently to solve ODE. I read there is a possibility to use global variables and to have access to current time values utilized the option Output function. However, I'm not exactly sure how to use the Output function and, unfortunately, I didn't find any examples in which it was clear how to use it. Is there anyone that can share an example that suits me? I would like to specify I pass the interval of integration as a vector with two elements, namely the initial and final times.
Kind regards

Answers (1)

Steven Lord
Steven Lord on 22 May 2020
It sounds like you don't have an ordinary differential equation (ODE) but a delay differential equation (DDE.)
If that's the case use a DDE solver rather than an ODE solver.


Califfo on 23 May 2020
Hi Steven,
thank for your reply. I don't know these delay differential equations; I try to deepen the topic!
Califfo on 23 May 2020
Actually I don't know if it is what I need because just depends on the solutions evaluated in the previous step. I could use the DDE solver if I define the time step in order to define the delays in the system of equations as ... what do you think about that?

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