# Help with errors - Unable to meet integration tolerances, Time integration failed, Attempted to access u(5), index out of bounds because numel (u)=4

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Hello,

I am trying to use some code to solve an advection diffusion equation which then plots the predicted data curve versus my data curve. The code works with the initial conditions that was used to test the code (1.4 input concentration) but when I change the input concentration (needs to be 5) or to a longer experimental run (more data points) then I get the following error:

Warning: Failure at t=9.431708e+02. Unable to meet integration tolerances without reducing the step size below the smallest value allowed (1.818989e-12) at time t. > In ode15s at 669 In pdepe at 317 In adv_diff_calibrate>objective at 61 In fminsearch at 312 In adv_diff_calibrate at 27 Warning: Time integration has failed. Solution is available at requested time points up to t=9.000000e+02. > In pdepe at 323 In adv_diff_calibrate>objective at 61 In fminsearch at 312 In adv_diff_calibrate at 27 Attempted to access u(5); index out of bounds because numel(u)=4.

Error in adv_diff_calibrate>objective (line 65) sum = sum + (u(i) - obs(i))^2;

Error in fminsearch (line 312) x(:) = xe; fxe = funfcn(x,varargin{:});

Error in adv_diff_calibrate (line 27) x = fminsearch(@objective,x0,[],k,pulse_length,input_conc, tspan, xmesh, obs, U);

65 sum = sum + (u(i) - obs(i))^2; K>> i

i =

5

K>> u

u =

1.0e+286 *

0

-0.0000

-0.0000

-1.1369

An error occurs at line 27 and the piece of code and description is as follows:

x0 = [D k]

(Line 27) x = fminsearch(@objective,x0,[],k,pulse_length,input_conc, tspan, xmesh, obs, U);

D = x(1);

k = x(2);

set up the functional coefficients in pdefun and boundary conditions in % bcfun and initial conditions in icfun for a generic diffusion equation

As well as line 65 in which the code is:

function object = objective(x,k,pulse_length,input_conc, tspan, xmesh, obs, U);

D = x(1);

k = x(2); m =0;

sol = pdepe(m,@pdefun,@icfun,@bcfun,xmesh,tspan,[],D,U,k,pulse_length,input_conc);

u = sol(:,100,1);

sum = 0;

for i = 1:length(obs)

(Line 65) sum = sum + (u(i) - obs(i))^2;

end

object = sum

end

I am mainly concerned with the breakthrough curve and this piece of code (with line 65) I think is for another graph so when I deleted that part I get this error:

Undefined function 'objective' for input arguments of type 'double'.

Error in fminsearch (line 191) fv(:,1) = funfcn(x,varargin{:});

Error in adv_diff_calibrate (line 27) x = fminsearch(@objective,x0,[],k,pulse_length,input_conc, tspan, xmesh, obs, U);

Is there a simple fix for any of this? Please let me know if more information is needed. If someone could please explain what is happening and if there is something I can do to fix it, in layman's terms, if possible, I would be very appreciative. (Sorry a bit over my head as my non-responsive supervisor wrote the code and its my first time using Matlab)

Cheers for any help!

##### 2 Comments

Babak
on 7 May 2013

The error says that your PDE is singular at that point that the integration stops.

### Accepted Answer

Babak
on 7 May 2013

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