imshow

Description

example

imshow(I) displays the grayscale image I in a figure. imshow uses the default display range for the image data type and optimizes figure, axes, and image object properties for image display.

imshow(I,[low high]) displays the grayscale image I, specifying the display range as a two-element vector, [low high]. For more information, see the DisplayRange parameter.

imshow(I,[]) displays the grayscale image I, scaling the display based on the range of pixel values in I. imshow uses [min(I(:)) max(I(:))] as the display range. imshow displays the minimum value in I as black and the maximum value as white. For more information, see the DisplayRange parameter.

example

imshow(RGB) displays the truecolor image RGB in a figure.

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imshow(BW) displays the binary image BW in a figure. For binary images, imshow displays pixels with the value 0 (zero) as black and 1 as white.

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imshow(X,map) displays the indexed image X with the colormap map. A colormap matrix can have any number of rows, but it must have exactly 3 columns. Each row is interpreted as a color, with the first element specifying the intensity of red, the second green, and the third blue. Color intensity can be specified on the interval [0, 1].

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imshow(filename) displays the image stored in the graphics file specified by filename.

imshow(___,Name,Value) displays an image, using name-value pairs to control aspects of the operation.

himage = imshow(___) returns the image object created by imshow.

imshow(I,RI) displays the image I with associated 2-D spatial referencing object RI.

imshow(X,RX,map) displays the indexed image X with associated 2-D spatial referencing object RX and colormap map.

imshow(gpuarrayIM,___) displays the image contained in a gpuArray. This syntax requires the Parallel Computing Toolbox™.

Examples

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Display a grayscale, RGB (truecolor), indexed or binary image using imshow. MATLAB® includes a TIF file, named corn.tif, that contains three images: a grayscale image, an indexed image, and a truecolor (RGB) image. This example creates a binary image from the grayscale image.

Display a Grayscale Image

Read the grayscale image from the corn.tif file into the MATLAB workspace. The grayscale version of the image is the third image in the file.

corn_gray = imread('corn.tif',3);

Display the grayscale image using imshow.

imshow(corn_gray)

Display an Indexed Image

Read the indexed image from the corn.tif file into the MATLAB workspace. The indexed version of the image is the first image in the file.

[corn_indexed,map] = imread('corn.tif',1);

Display the indexed image using imshow.

imshow(corn_indexed,map)

Display an RGB Image

Read the RGB image from the corn.tif file into the MATLAB workspace. The RGB version of the image is the second image in the file.

[corn_rgb] = imread('corn.tif',2);

Display the RGB image using imshow.

imshow(corn_rgb)

Display a Binary Image

Read the grayscale image from the corn.tif file into the MATLAB workspace and use thresholding to convert it into a binary image. The grayscale version of the image is the third image in the file.

[corn_gray] = imread('corn.tif',3);

Determine the mean value of pixels in the grayscale image.

meanIntensity = mean(corn_gray(:));

Create a binary image by thresholding, using the mean intensity value as the threshold.

corn_binary = corn_gray > meanIntensity;

Display the binary image using imshow.

imshow(corn_binary)

Display an image stored in a file.

imshow('peppers.png');

Read a sample indexed image, corn.tif, into the workspace, and then display it.

[X,map] = imread('corn.tif');
imshow(X,map)

Change the colormap for the image using the colormap function and specifying the target axes as the first input argument. Use the original colormap without the red component.

newmap = map;
newmap(:,1) = 0;
colormap(gca,newmap)

Read image into the workspace.

I = imread('pout.tif');

Display the image. Note the axes limits reflect the size of the image.

figure; imshow(I)

Create a spatial referencing object associated with the image. Use the referencing object to set the x- and y-axes limits in the world coordinate system.

RI = imref2d(size(I));
RI.XWorldLimits = [0 3];
RI.YWorldLimits = [2 5];

Display the image, specifying the spatial referencing object. Note the change to the x- and y-axes limits.

figure; imshow(I,RI);

Read image into a gpuArray.

X = gpuArray(imread('pout.tif'));

Display it.

figure; imshow(X)

Input Arguments

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Input grayscale image, specified as a matrix. A grayscale image can be any numeric data type.

Data Types: single | double | int8 | int16 | int32 | int64 | uint8 | uint16 | uint32 | uint64 | logical

Input truecolor image, specified as an m-by-n-by-3 array.

If you specify a truecolor image of data type single or double, then values should be in the range [0, 1]. If pixel values are outside this range, then you can use the rescale function to scale pixel values to the range [0, 1]. The 'DisplayRange' argument has no effect when the input image is truecolor.

Data Types: single | double | uint8 | uint16

Input binary image, specified as a matrix.

Data Types: logical

Indexed image, specified as a 2-D array of real numeric values. The values in X are indices into the colormap specified by map.

Data Types: single | double | uint8 | logical

Colormap, specified as an c-by-3 array of type single or double in the range [0 1], or a c-by-3 array of type uint8. Each row specifies an RGB color value.

Data Types: single | double | uint8

File name, specified as a character vector. The image must be readable by imread. The imshow function displays the image, but does not store the image data in the MATLAB® workspace. If the file contains multiple images, imshow displays the first image in the file.

Example: imshow('peppers.png')

Data Types: char

Grayscale image display range, specified as a two-element vector. For more information, see the 'DisplayRange' name-value pair argument.

Example: [50 250]

Data Types: single | double | int8 | int16 | int32 | int64 | uint8 | uint16 | uint32 | uint64

2-D spatial referencing object associated with input image, specified as an imref2d object.

2-D spatial referencing object associated with an indexed image, specified as a imref2d object.

Image to be processed on a graphics processing unit (GPU), specified as a gpuArray.

Name-Value Pair Arguments

Specify optional comma-separated pairs of Name,Value arguments. Name is the argument name and Value is the corresponding value. Name must appear inside quotes. You can specify several name and value pair arguments in any order as Name1,Value1,...,NameN,ValueN.

Example: imshow('board.tif','Border','tight')

Figure window border space, specified as the comma-separated pair consisting of 'Border' and either 'tight' or 'loose'. When set to 'loose', the figure window includes space around the image in the figure. When set to 'tight', the figure window does not include any space around the image in the figure.

If the image is very small or if the figure contains other objects besides an image and its axes, imshow might use a border regardless of how this parameter is set.

Example: imshow('board.tif','Border','tight')

Data Types: char

Colormap, specified as the comma-separated pair consisting of 'Colormap' and a c-by-3 matrix. imshow uses this to set the colormap for the axes. Use this parameter to view grayscale images in false color. If you specify an empty colormap ([]), then imshow ignores this parameter.

Note

Starting in R2016b, imshow changes the colormap for the axes that contains the image instead of the figure.

Example: newmap = copper; imshow('board.tif','Colormap',newmap)

Data Types: double

Display range of a grayscale image, specified as a two-element vector of the form [low high]. The imshow function displays the value low (and any value less than low) as black, and it displays the value high (and any value greater than high) as white. Values between low and high are displayed as intermediate shades of gray, using the default number of gray levels.

If you specify an empty matrix ([]), then imshow uses a display range of [min(I(:)) max(I(:))]. In other words, the minimum value in I is black, and the maximum value is white.

If you do not specify a display range, then imshow selects a default display range based on the image data type.

  • If I is an integer type, then DisplayRange defaults to the minimum and maximum representable values for that integer class. For example, the default display range for uint16 arrays is [0, 65535].

  • If I is data type single or double, then the default display range is [0, 1].

Note

Including the parameter name is optional, except when the image is specified by a file name. The syntax imshow(I,[low high]) is equivalent to imshow(I,'DisplayRange',[low high]). If you call imshow with a file name, then you must specify the 'DisplayRange' parameter.

Example: h = imshow(I,'DisplayRange',[0 80]);

Data Types: single | double | int8 | int16 | int32 | int64 | uint8 | uint16 | uint32 | uint64

Initial magnification of image display, specified as the comma-separated pair consisting of 'InitialMagnification' and a numeric scalar or 'fit'. If set to 100, then imshow displays the image at 100% magnification (one screen pixel for each image pixel). If set to 'fit', then imshow scales the entire image to fit in the window.

Initially, imshow attempts to display the entire image at the specified magnification. If the magnification value is so large that the image is too big to display on the screen, imshow displays the image at the largest magnification that fits on the screen.

If the image is displayed in a figure with its 'WindowStyle' property set to 'docked', then imshow displays the image at the largest magnification that fits in the figure.

Note: If you specify the axes position (using subplot or axes), imshow ignores any initial magnification you might have specified and defaults to the 'fit' behavior.

When you use imshow with the 'Reduce' parameter, the initial magnification must be 'fit'.

In MATLAB Online™, 'InitialMagnification' is set to 'fit' and cannot be changed.

Example: h = imshow(I,'InitialMagnification','fit');

Data Types: single | double | int8 | int16 | int32 | int64 | uint8 | uint16 | uint32 | uint64 | char

Interpolation technique used when scaling an image, specified as the comma-separated pair consisting of 'Interpolation' and one of the following values.

ValueDescription
'nearest'Nearest neighbor interpolation (default)
'bilinear'Bilinear interpolation

Parent axes of image object, specified as the comma-separated pair consisting of 'Parent' and an Axes object. Use the 'Parent' name-value argument to build a UI that gives you control of the Figure and Axes properties. Do not specify a UIAxes as the parent axes.

Indicator for subsampling image, specified as the comma-separated pair consisting of 'Reduce' and either true, false, 1, or 0. This argument is valid only when you use it with the name of a TIFF file. Use the Reduce argument to display overviews of very large images.

Data Types: logical

X-axis limits of nondefault coordinate system, specified as the comma-separated pair consisting of 'XData' and a two-element vector. This argument establishes a nondefault spatial coordinate system by specifying the image XData. The value can have more than two elements, but imshow uses only the first and last elements.

Example: 'XData',[100 200]

Data Types: single | double | int8 | int16 | int32 | int64 | uint8 | uint16 | uint32 | uint64

Y-axis limits of nondefault coordinate system, specified as the comma-separated pair consisting of 'YData' and a two-element vector. The value can have more than two elements, but imshow uses only the first and last elements.

Example: 'YData',[100 200]

Data Types: single | double | int8 | int16 | int32 | int64 | uint8 | uint16 | uint32 | uint64

Output Arguments

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Image created by imshow, specified as an image object.

Tips

  • To change the colormap after you create the image, use the colormap command. Specify the axes that contains the image as the first input argument and the colormap you want as the second input argument. For an example, see Change Colormap of Displayed Image.

  • You can display multiple images with different colormaps in the same figure using imshow with the subplot function.

  • If you have Image Processing Toolbox™, then you can use the Image Viewer app as an integrated environment for displaying images and performing common image processing tasks.

  • If you have Image Processing Toolbox, then you can use the iptsetpref function to set toolbox preferences that modify the behavior of imshow.

  • The imshow function is not supported when you start MATLAB with the -nojvm option.

  • Do not

Extended Capabilities

See Also

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Topics

Introduced before R2006a