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wlanConstellationDemap

Constellation demapping

Description

example

y = wlanConstellationDemap(sym,noiseVarEst,numBPSCS) demaps received symbols sym using the soft-decision approximate log-likelihood-ratio (LLR) method for numBPSCS, the number of coded bits per subcarrier per spatial stream.

example

y = wlanConstellationDemap(sym,noiseVarEst,numBPSCS,demapType) also specifies the demapping type.

example

y = wlanConstellationDemap(sym,noiseVarEst,numBPSCS,phase) derotates the symbols clockwise before demapping by the number of radians specified in phase.

example

y = wlanConstellationDemap(sym,noiseVarEst,numBPSCS,demapType,phase) specifies the demapping type and the phase rotation.

Examples

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Perform a 4096-QAM demapping on a sequence of data bits.

Create the sequence of data bits.

bits = randi([0 1],49152,1,'int8');

Perform constellation mapping on the data bits by using 4096-QAM.

numBPSCS = 12;
sym = wlanConstellationMap(bits,numBPSCS);
size(sym)
ans = 1×2

        4096           1

Perform 4096-QAM constellation demapping. Because the default demapping type is soft, the output is a vector of soft bits.

noiseVarEst = 0;
y = wlanConstellationDemap(sym,noiseVarEst,numBPSCS);
size(y)
ans = 1×2

       49152           1

Perform a 256-QAM demapping by using hard demodulation.

Create the sequence of data bits.

 bits = randi([0 1],416,1);

Perform the constellation mapping on the data bits by using a 256-QAM constellation.

numBPSCS = 8;
sym = wlanConstellationMap(bits,numBPSCS);

Perform the hard 256-QAM constellation demapping.

noiseVarEst = 0;
demapType = 'hard';
y = wlanConstellationDemap(sym,noiseVarEst,numBPSCS,demapType);

Verify that the demapped data matches the original data.

isequal(bits,y)
ans = logical
   1

BPSK and QBPSK demapping for different OFDM symbols for the VHT-SIG-A field by using a soft demodulation. The demapping is defined in IEEE® 802.11ac™-2013 Section 22.3.8.3.3

Create the sequence of data bits. Specify the two OFDM symbols in columns.

 bits = randi([0 1],48,2,'int8');

Perform constellation mapping on the data bits. Specify the size of the constellation rotation as the number in columns of the input sequence. The first column is mapped with a BPSK modulation. The second column is modulated with a QBPSK modulation.

numBPSCS = 1;
phase = [0 pi/2];
mappedData = wlanConstellationMap(bits,numBPSCS,phase);

Perform the constellation demapping with an estimated variance noise equal to zero (no added noise). To derotate the constellation, specify the same phase as in the mapping function. The output is a vector of soft bits ready to be the input of a convolutional decoder.

noiseVar = 0;
demappedData = wlanConstellationDemap(mappedData,noiseVar,numBPSCS,phase);

Verify that the demapped data matches the original data. Because no noise is present, you can recover the original data without errors by assigning the negative values to a logical 1 and the positive values to a logical 0. In other words, you can convert the soft bits into hard bits.

demappedBits = int8((demappedData<=0));
isequal(bits,demappedBits)
ans = logical
   1

Perform BPSK demapping on a four-dimensional array by using hard demodulation.

Create the sequence of data bits as an array of four dimensions, with 416 coded bits per subcarrier per spatial stream per interleaver block, four OFDM symbols, two spatial streams, and two segments.

numCBPSSI = 416; 
numSym = 4;
numSS = 2;
numSeg = 2; 
bits = randi([0 1],numCBPSSI,numSym,numSS,numSeg);
size(bits)
ans = 1×4

   416     4     2     2

Perform BPSK constellation mapping on the data bits with a rotation of π2 radians.

numBPSCS = 1;
phase = pi/2;
sym = wlanConstellationMap(bits,numBPSCS,phase);
size(sym)
ans = 1×4

   416     4     2     2

Perform hard QBPSK constellation demapping. To derotate the constellation, specify the same phase as in the mapping function.

noiseVarEst = 0;
demapType = 'hard';
y = wlanConstellationDemap(sym,noiseVarEst,numBPSCS,demapType);

Verify that the demapped data matches the original data.

isequal(bits,y)
ans = logical
   1

Input Arguments

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Received symbols, specified as a complex-valued vector, matrix, or multidimensional array. If you specify this input as a matrix or array, the function performs constellation demapping column-wise.

Data Types: double
Complex Number Support: Yes

Noise variance estimate, specified as a nonnegative scalar. When you specify the demapType input as 'hard', the function does not use this input.

Example: 0.7071

Data Types: double

Number of coded bits per subcarrier per spatial stream, specified as log2(M), where M is the modulation order. Therefore, numBPSCS must be one of these values.

  • 1 for binary phase-shift keying (BPSK) modulation, as specified in section 17.3.5.8 of [1]

  • 2 for quadrature phase-shift keying (QPSK) modulation, as specified in section 17.3.5.8 of [1]

  • 4 for 16-point quadrature amplitude modulation (16-QAM), as specified in section 17.3.5.8 of [1]

  • 6 for 64-QAM, as specified in section 17.3.5.8 of [1]

  • 8 for 256-QAM, as specified in section 21.3.10.9 of [1]

  • 10 for 1024-QAM, as specified in section 27.3.11.9 of [2]

  • 12 for 4096-QAM, as specified in section 36.3.12.8 of [3]

Data Types: double

Demapping type, specified as one of these values.

  • 'hard' — hard-decision demapping

  • 'soft' — soft-decision approximate LLR method

Data Types: double

Constellation rotation, in radians, specified as a scalar, vector, or multidimensional array. The size of this input must be compatible with the size of the sym input. This input and sym have compatible sizes if, for each corresponding dimension, the dimension sizes are either equal or one of them is 1. When one of the dimensions of sym is equal to 1 and the corresponding dimension of phase is larger than 1, then the output dimensions have the same size as the dimensions of phase.

Example: pi*(0:size(bits,1)/numBPSCS-1).'/2;

Data Types: double

Output Arguments

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Demapped symbols, returned as an integer-valued vector, matrix, or multidimensional array . This output has the same size as sym except for the number of rows, which is equal to the number of rows of sym multiplied by numBPSCS.

References

[1] IEEE Std 802.11™-2016 (Revision of IEEE Std 802.11-2012). “Part 11: Wireless LAN Medium Access Control (MAC) and Physical Layer (PHY) Specifications.” IEEE Standard for Information technology — Telecommunications and information exchange between systems. Local and metropolitan area networks — Specific requirements.

[2] IEEE P802.11ax™/D4.1. “Part 11: Wireless LAN Medium Access Control (MAC) and Physical Layer (PHY) Specifications. Amendment 1: Enhancements for High Efficiency WLAN.” Draft Standard for Information technology — Telecommunications and information exchange between systems. Local and metropolitan area networks — Specific requirements.

[3] IEEE® P802.11be™/D1.0. “Part 11: Wireless LAN Medium Access Control (MAC) and Physical Layer (PHY) Specifications. Amendment 8: Enhancements for Extremely High Throughput (EHT).” Draft Standard for Information technology — Telecommunications and information exchange between systems. Local and metropolitan area networks — Specific requirements.

Extended Capabilities

C/C++ Code Generation
Generate C and C++ code using MATLAB® Coder™.

Introduced in R2017b